Chapter 1&2 notes.doc

4 Pages
117 Views

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYCH 3860
Professor
Denis Mc Carthy

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 4 pages of the document.
Description
Chapter 1: Psych and the Law • Reasons for Law ◦ Human creations ▪ Customs v Law ◦ Conflict avoidance and resolution ▪ Laws against shouting, cursing. Peace keeping, noise ordinances ◦ Protect the public ▪ Limits on smoking and sodas. Changing the drinking age to 21 instead of 18 ◦ The evolution of laws ▪ Cars, internet, DNA, cloning • ScientificApproaches to the Law ◦ Anthropological ▪ Compare societies- gun laws in other countries and the results ◦ Sociological ▪ Study specific society- drinking laws ◦ Philosophical ▪ What is justice? Questions we wont cover here ◦ Psychological ▪ Behavior of individuals involved • Four choices ◦ Individual rights vs common good ▪ Balancing the two • Limits on free speech, right to peace ▪ Marriage Laws ▪ Victimless crimes like drugs, seat-belts, and smoking ▪ Due Process • Emphasizes individual rights (exclusion of improper evidence) ▪ Crime control • Reduction of crime (3 strikes law, Megan's Law- child predators) ◦ Equality vs Discretion ▪ Equality • All are equal before the law th ◦ 14 amendment and equal protection ◦ principle of proportionality ◦ mandatory minimums • Is this true? ◦ Profiling ◦ Top attorneys vs public defender ▪ Discretion • Outcomes based on the facts of each case ◦ Mel Ignatow, Brenda Shaefer, MaryAnn Shore- found video of murder • Is this fair? ◦ Sentencing disparity ▪ Crack v powder cocaine, capital punishment • Replicability (capable of being reproduced) • Control ◦ All extraneous variables should be taken into account ◦ central importance of dependent variable ◦ testing of the hypothesis through manipulation of independent variable • Basic Research ◦ goal is understanding ◦ less or no concern for utility ◦ basic research can be used in court ▪ perceptual or cognitive research may be used to assess witness reliability ▪ stereotyping research (Fiske article) ◦ ethical issues ▪ bound by research ethics • Applied research ◦ goal is application or solving a problem ◦ clinical, counseling, and school mostly ◦ often act as expert witnesses ▪ accuracy of eyewitnesses under certain condition ◦ ethical issues ▪ must report all findings despite who hired them ▪ hard to retain objectivity ▪ psychologists with specific views more likely to be hired by one side • Policy evaluator ◦ Gather information to assess the impact of policy ◦ Examples ▪ DUI laws ▪ DARE ◦ Ethical issues ▪ must report all data ▪ pressure to find certain outcomes (DARE) •
More Less
Unlock Document

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit