Chapter 15.doc

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PSYCH 3860
Denis Mc Carthy

Chapter 15: Juveniles • Juvenile Offenders ◦ Juvenile Courts ▪ Established in 19 century ▪ Less formal, judge makes decisions, non adversarial ▪ Variety of sentence options, with separate detention strongest ▪ Focus on correction rather than punishment ▪ Recently, increased emphasis on diversion or alternatives to punishment ◦ Transfer Laws ▪ Allow juvenile offenders to be tried as adults ▪ Eligibility determined by offense • Potential dangerousness • Maturity • Amenability to treatment • Developmental Issues ◦ “Developmentally limited offending” ▪ Many youth “mature out” of misbehavior ▪ Difficult to predict who will beforehand ▪ Moffitt and others have models that predict adolescent limit offending, but they are not perfect ◦ Developmental limitations ▪ Judgement and decision making are limited ▪ Recent MRI studies indicate brain development is not completed until late teens and early 20s • Areas that develop last have to do with self control and long term planning • Adjudicated services for juveniles ◦ Factors that make interventions with juveniles work ▪ Reducing risk factors for repeat offending (substance abuse, family problems, criminal attitudes) ▪ Improving social competencies ▪ Multimodal, multi-contextual ▪ Cognitive behavioral ▪ Developmentally appropriate ▪ Long term, intensive ▪ Not in a correctional institution ◦ Factors that make interventions not effective ▪ Focus on risk factors and competencies, short, non-intensive ▪ Unclear protocols ▪ Limited to scare tactics or toughness strategies ▪ Consist of adults lecturing youth ◦ Multi-systemic Therapy (MST) ▪ Engages multiple systems in treatment (family, peers, school) ▪ Very intensive- team approach, but each assigned a primary therapist ▪ MST therapists deliver services in patient's home, meet with family members, teachers, court ▪ Still much cheaper than ever 1 repeat incarceration ▪ Some evidence MST can reduce re-arrest 20 years later • Compared to treatment as usual (individual treatment) ◦ Oregon Treatment Foster Care ▪ Also a team approach, child placed in care of trained foster parents ◦ Functional Family Therapy ▪ Individual treatment ▪ Delivered in the home ◦ Despite the fact these programs are successful, in many cases juveniles a
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