Research Ethics Pt.2 & The Conflict Theory

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOCIOL 1000
Professor
Brueggemann
Semester
Spring

Description
Unit 1 – 2/7/2014 Milgram’s Findings: 1. Obeyed but justified themselves – placed blame on experimenter if anything  bad were to happen 2. Obeyed but blamed themselves – were quite harsh on themselves, blaming  themselves, blaming themselves for any bad that would happen 3. Rebelled – these individuals questioned the authority of the experimenter  ethically and felt the “learners” needed looking out for Ethical Concerns: ­The participants were deceived, not knowing that there were no “learners” per se Follow­ups with the participants found them dealing with a great deal of  psychological effects caused by the study 2 Great Thinkers and The Conflict Theory Conflict Theory ­Emphasizes the role of conflict and power in society ­Sees conflict as an inevitable part of society ­Addresses social issues at the macro­level ­Large­Scale or Systemic issues Karl Marx (1818­1883) ­German­born ­Studied Law in Germany, writing a PhD thesis in Philosophy, turning to journalism after  graduation ­Known for writings such as Das Kapital, The Communist Manifesto, The German  Ideology, etc., discussing mostly the economy, politics, and social class ­Marx mostly wrote and theorized about what he was witnessing in his everyday life ­Capitalist System and Society ­The Capitalist System or Capitalism refers to the socio­economic system based  on private ownership and sale of goods ­In his research, Marx found that we relate to the system in different ways ­Society divided into 2 major classes: ­Bourgeoisie: Owners of the means of production ­Proletariat: Sell their labor to the owners of the means of production, owning  nothing ­The means of production refers to machinery, buildings, equipment, tools, etc. that are  used to make a commodity to sell or trade in the marketplace ­A commodity is created through the transformation of raw materials into a product that  has value in a society ­Found that how each group relates to the means of production dictated their class interest ­One’s class is then determined by the ownership of property and commodities ­The differences in class interest between the Bourgeoisie and the Proletariat is explained  by Marx as class conflict ­This class conflict although originating out of one’s relationship to the means of  production, grows and matures as does society, eventually dictatin
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