Stigma

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOCIOL 1000
Professor
Brueggemann
Semester
Spring

Description
Unit 2 – 2/21/2014 STIGMA ­Link and Phelan (2001) define a stigma as a “mark” (attribute) that links a person to  undesirable characteristics (stereotypes). ­Although similar to Brekhus, Link and Phelan see stigma as something that is affixed  and being specifically linked to discrimination ­In constructing gender and race categories for example ,substantial oversimplification is  required to create groups Component 1: Distinguishing and Labeling Differences A majority of human characteristics are ignored however, depending on one’s  culture and historical context ,some characteristics are highly salient  (noticeable/important). Ex: Skin color, IQ, sexual preferences, or gender Component 2: Associating Human Differences with Negative Attributes In labeling individuals/groups as deviant, or applying a particular label to a  person/group, we are linking a person to a set of undesirable characteristics that  form a stereotype Stereotypes: are exaggerated beliefs about the appearance, behavior, or other  characteristics of a group of people Component 3: Separating “Us” from “Them” Stigmas create an “us” versus “them” mentality where “them” are seen as being  significantly different from 
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