Unit 2 – 2/26/2014
Gender is a socially constructed concept, constructed through social, political, economic,
and cultural experiences in a given society
In describing gender we typically use the modifiers “feminine” and “masculine”
which refer to the physical, behavioral, and mental/emotional traits we assign
according to sex
Gender as a social structure:
According to Judith Lorber, gender is an institution that is embedded in all the
social processes in everyday life and social organizations.
Martin adds that such structures/institutions are also embedded within the
Gender not only constrains individuals’ actions but also encourages “gendered”
Not only are career paths already gendered, but because gender is a social structure
already embedded in the individual, we are likely to make options supporting the
established gender system.
Thinking about how society is structured, we can see that one of the ways society is
organized is around the concept of gender.
Gender can also be th