Culture

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOCIOL 1000
Professor
Brueggemann
Semester
Spring

Description
Unit 2 – 2/17/2014 Culture is the complex system of meaning and behavior that defines the way of life for a  given group or society ­includes beliefs, values, knowledge ,morals, laws, customs, habits, language, dress 2 forms of Culture Material Culture: the physical objects that relate specifically to one’s culture  Non­Material Culture    Includes our beliefs and value systems, along with the way we  do things Five Main Elements: 1.Beliefs:  Shared ideas that a group or society holds about what is true  Beliefs can be rooted in tradition, religion, experience, or science Ex: Anyone can grow up to become the President of the US, Athletic talent is the  product of hard work, lots of practice, and persistence 2. Values Abstract standards in a society that define ideal principles They define what is desirable and morally correct Ex: freedom, happiness, true friendship, cleanliness, obedience 3. Norms (or Social Norms) Rules set by society to regulate human behavior and social relations Norms are passed on from generation to generation, becoming embedded in one’s  language, ideas, and beliefs Agreed upon by a majority of group members They are usually difficult to change or alter They shape the way we live and act in everyday life Vary across cultures and time Are a mechanism for social control 3 Types of Norms Folkways:  Simple everyday norms based on custom, tradition, or etiquette Violation of a folkway is considered a minor offense, oftentimes rece
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