LAWE 331 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Posse Comitatus Act, Ferguson, Missouri, Rodney King

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9 Feb 2017
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Using&the&equipment,&training,&rhetoric&and&group&tactics&of&
war&which&includes&the&hierarchical&chain&of&command&to&
deliver&police&services
Command'and'Control'model
§
Paramilitary&Model&of&Policing&to&prosecute&the&"War&on&Crime"
"nothing&wrong&if&it&protects&the&due&process&guarantees&and&
provides&public&safety&to&constituents"
§
How&does&Steven's&view&this&model?
Is&due&process&always&preserved&in&the&war&on&crime?
§
No
®
Posse'Comitatus'Act'(18'USC'1385)
Rodney&King&Riots
®
Hurricane&Katrina
®
Ferguson,&Mo.&Unrest
®
Exception
14th&Amendment
Can&we&legally&and&ethically&declare&war&on&our&own&citizens?
§
Can&police&officers&legally& and&ethically&be&soldier?
§
Do&police&officers&view&themselves&as&soldiers?
§
Concerns:
Traditional&Police&Model
A&form&of&international&relations&where&organized&violence&is&used&as&an&
instrument&of&power&by&sovereign&nation&states
War
50+&year&"get&tough"&battle
Johnson&1965,&Nixon&1969,&Bush&1989&(drugs)
Increase&in&prison&population
War&on&Crime
Policing&particularly&through&the&use&of&paramilitary&teams&in&the&united&
states&today&has&become&excessively&militarized,&mainly&through&federal&
programs&that&create&incentives&for&state&and&local&police&to&use&
unnecessarily&aggressive&weapons&and&tactics&designed&for&battle.
Concern&of&Stevens&and&Others
TAC&units&absolutely&vital&to&other&modern&police&mission&but:
SWAT&teams&were&often&deployed&unnecessarily&and&aggressively&to&
execute&search&warrants&in&low-level&drug&investigations;&deployments&for&
hostage&or&barricade&scenarios&occurred&in&only&a&small&number&of&
incidents
Stressor:&Improper&use&of&TAC&Teams
Non-arrest,&warning&"break"
Arrest-re-entry/redemption
The&latent&coercive&power&of&the&police& can&help&steer&potential&law&
breakers&into&law-abiding&behavior
§
Most&police&work&is&non-crime&routines
§
Fresh&pursuit&of&suspects&and&SWAT&training&less&important&
than&stress&training,&community&policing&training&and&traffic&
crash&investigation
63%&of&558&officers
§
Social&Work&Model
How&do&Cops&Describe&Their&Job?
Police&intervention&can&defuse&potentially&violent&situations&and&
prevent&escalation
§
Crime&Prophylactic&Model&(Crime&Fighter)
Associations,&vehicles,&hang-outs,&family&relations
Culture,&background,&histories
Non-crime&calls&give&officers&broader&exposure&to&the&community&
and&this&provides&them&with&more&knowledge&with&which&to&solve&
crimes
§
Police&Knowledge&Model
Broken&windows,&COP,&POP
Effective&responses&to&non-crime&calls&can&help&the&police&establish&
greater&credibility&with&the&public.
§
Community&Cooperation&Model
Other&Police&Models
Policing&in&America&is&demanding
We&must&use&the&model&that&is&appropriate&to&the&situation
Observing&due&process&is&always&mandatory.
Situational&Policing
War$on$Crime$&$Paramilitary$Policing:$Stevens$Ch.7
Thursday,& February&2,&2017
11:01&AM
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