MUS 365 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Quadrilateral, Antonio Gramsci
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• Country Music Performances
o Music and Time
▪ Music is ephemeral – it lives and moves in time.
▪ Music is not fixed to any single point in time
• Ex. Country Music is performed live, recorded, and can live on in
o Live Performance
▪ A live performance is a performance that is created and lives in the
▪ All Country Music, even music that is recorded or music that is retained in
memory, is some version of a live performance.
▪ We will experience Country Music exclusively through recordings.
▪ Recordings are frozen snapshots of sound moving through time.
▪ This means that we always need to remember that a commercial-issued
recording is fixed and unchanging.
▪ Recordings are frequently studio assemblages of various live
performances, form one-take complete performances like those found in
early Country recordings to multiple edits or overdubs in contemporary
▪ Replacing sections of a performance, adding a single instrumental line, or
even fixing a single out-of-tune pitch of a sung melody has become
▪ Memory of a particular musical performance or recording can never be
separated from the actual performance or recording in the mind of the
▪ We continually reanimate the past in the present and cannot escape our
own participation in the recall of past events, even music (Collingwood &
o Music and Perception
▪ Add perception of music into the mix and things become further
▪ From 19th century philosophers to late 20th century Franco – Americal
Deconstructionists, there have been some remarkable points argued
concerning perception that can be applied to music that run counter to
most people’s assumptions.
• Ex. Involves the reversal of cause and effect
▪ It is argued that the cause of pain is actually reversed in our perception of
the circumstance, so that pain is the ‘cause’ of the pin prick (Nietzche).
▪ The (cause) pin prick to the (effect) pain is reversed by our perception of
events to pain (cause) to pin prick (effect).
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