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Lecture 20

GN 301 Lecture Notes - Lecture 20: Stillbirth, Cardiomyopathy, Teratology

Course Code
GN 301
Marian- Elizabeth B.Gardner

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4.4 Future of Genetics and Genetic Counseling
Thursday, November 30, 2017
5:09 PM
Improving quality of life
o Consider both genetics and environment
o Euthenic: opportunities and experiences provided without changing phenotype or
o Euphenic: altering phenotype
o Eugenic: altering gene pool to increase freq of good genes and eliminate bad ones
Disallow reproduction for those who are inferior
Encourage reproduction for those who are acceptable or superior
Sir Francis Galton coined term
Evolution of Laws
o 1896-1956: sterilization of criminals and mentally retarded, forbidding sex with
epileptics, US immigrants limit entrance of the insane or idiots, Nazis killing birth
defecting children
o 1956-now: sterilization laws repealed, immigration laws loosened, prevention of
discrimination in insurance firms, GINA
o What changes do we want, how do we use the info, who decides the regulation
Genetic Counseling
o Process of helping people understand and adapt to medical, psychological, and
familial implications of genetic contributions
Look at family medical history
Educate about resources, treatment, disease
o Types
Cancer, prenatal, pediatrics
Universities, hospitals, labs, government
o Bachelors degree, masters degree, CAGC certification
o Indications
Born to parent of chr abnormality,
dysmorphic features, hypertonia,
metabolic disorder, abnormal MRI
Autism, unusual growth pattern, unusual
behavior, CT disorder
Chromosome disorder, family history,
skin findings, blood issues neurological
condition, cardiomyopathy
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