PHI 205 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Euthyphro Dilemma, Irony, Critical Philosophy

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Published on 18 Jan 2017
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Critical Philosophy After Socrates
Some geography of Athens:
There was a temple to Athena on the Acropolis
At the foot of the acropolis, there was an agora, or marketplace
o There were also offices for politicians in the agora
Plato established a school here, called the Academy
Aristotle later established another school, called the Lyceum
Plato
He was the son of an aristocratic family in Athens
Was part of a group of “students” of Socrates by his late teens
o Not official students, because Socrates was not an official or paid teacher
Founded the Academy later in life
o Taught mathematics, ethics, etc.
Plato’s Euthyphro: Background
It was a dialogue between Socrates and Euthyphro
It took place prior to Socrates’ trial
Socrates was a character in this
o His depiction was done by Plato, and was not necessarily true to form.
Socratic irony was at play during this
o Socratic irony: a pose of ignorance assumed in order to entice others into making
statements that can then be challenged
Plato’s Euthyphro
Familial piety
o Means to show respect to one’s family, especially parents
o Cannot speak ill of family
Religious piety
o Purification rituals
o Familial and religious piety are in conflict with each other
o Socrates was wondering what makes actions pious
Looking for a black and white definition, like mathematics
o Euthyphro’s definitions of piety don’t work, because he doesn’t answer the
question wholly
He only gives examples of what is pious, and does not explain the root of
what it means to be pious
It’s only situational
Forms
o Examples versus definitions
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