Ch 3. ETHICAL ISSUES IN COUNSELING PRACTICE One of best ways to avoid malpractice rests in showing respect, having their welfare as central concern, practice What are your Needs? within framework of ethic code. Need in control and power Should be used more as GUIDELINES Need to be nurturing and helpful Need to change others in the direction of our Steps in making ethical decisions 1. Identify problemdilemma gather info > decide own values Need to persuade whether problem mainly ethical, legal, professional, Need for feeling adequate (client confirm our clinical, or moral. competence) 2. Identify the potential issues evaluate rights, Need to be respected and appreciated responsibilities, and welfare of those involved. 3. Look at the relevant ethics codes for guidance To make ethical decisions consult with colleagues, keep consider whether own valuesethics are consistent yourself informed about laws affecting your practice, keep with the guidelines. up to date in your specialty field, stay abreast in 4. Consider the applicable lawsregulations how do developments in ethical practice, reflect on the impact your they affect the dilemma. values have on your practice, and be willing to engage in 5. Seek consultation from more than one source to honest self examination. Mandatory ethics is the view of ethical practice that deals obtain various perspectives document these in clients record. with the minimum level of professional practice 6. Brainstorm various possible courses of action Aspirational ethics a higher level of ethical practice that continue discussion w professionals, include client in addresses doing what is in the best interests of clients. this progress, document discussion. Positive Ethics is an approach taken by practitioners who 7. Enumerate the consequencesimplications of various want to do their best for clients rather than simply meet decisions minimum standards to stay out of trouble. 8. Decide what appears to be the best course of action after action, follow up to evaluate outcomes, is further Putting Clients Needs Before Your Own action necessary? Ethically, it is essential that we become aware of our own needs, areas of unfinished business, potential personal the more subtle the ethical dilemma, the more comlex and problems, and especially our sources of countertransference demanding the decision making process. > necessary to realize how these factors could interfere. professional maturity open to questioningdiscussion w Our professional relationships with our clients exist for their colleagues. benefit make an honest appraisal of how your behaviour To the degree it is possible include the client in all phases affects clients. of the ethical decisionmaking process. Essential to Not unethical to meet our personal needs in work but document process. problem if its at the expense of clients needs. Expand self awareness recognize own Ethical Decision Making The principles that underlie our professional prejudicevulnerability. Also examine other, less harmful personal needs that can codes Benefit others, do no harm, respect get in the way such as need for controlpower, others autonomy, be just, fair and nurturinghelpful, respectappreciated. faithful The role of ethical codes they: Ethical Decision Making Educate us about responsibilities, are a basis for accountability, protect Expected to exercise prudent judgment when it comes to clients, are a basis for improving interpreting and applying ethical principles to specific professional practice situations Steps in making ethical decisions Learn about the resources from which you can draw oon to Identify the problem or dilemma make ethical decisions Identify the potential issues review relevant codes, laws, or Be aware of the consequences of practices in ways not regulations sanctioned by organizations which you are a member of. seek consultation The Role of Ethics Codes as a Catalyst for Improving Practice. Brainstorm list consequences Professional codes of ethics serve a number of purposes: a) they educate counseling practitionerspublic about Decide responsibilities of the profession. b) Provide basis for accountability The Right Of Informed Consent Informed consent is an ethical and LEGAL requirement that c) Most imp: provide a basis for reflecting onimproving your professional practice. is an integral part of the therapeutic process + establishes Unfortunate trend increasing take on legalistic dimensions foundation for working alliancecollab partnership with client pracitioners anxious to avoid lawsuits > more focus on that than doing whats right for client. Informed consent involves the right of clients to be informed about their therapy and to make autonomous It is a MISTAKE to equate behaving legally with being ethical. decisions pertaining to it.