THDA 463 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Time Signature, Measure (Mathematics)

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2 Oct 2015
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THEATRE DANCE I (THDA 463)
September 2, 2015
Dance and Music Terminology
Music Terms
oBar lines create a measure
Measure = space between two bar lines, includes a group of beats
One measure = one bar
oTime signature = fraction at the beginning of a line of music
Top number indicates how many notes are in a measure
Bottom number indicates what kind of note gets one beat
oRhythm
The organization of time in music
It divides up long spans of time into smaller more comprehendible units
Gives shape or profile to the melody or tune
The principle of the beat
oBeat
Even pulse that divides the passing of time into equal segments
oRests
Indicates silence
oDownbeat
First and strongest beat in a measure (“the 1”)
oPick up
An upbeat at the beginning of a piece of music
A note or two that gives a little momentum/extra push into the downbeat
oSyncopation
Places an accent on either a weak beat or between beats. Adds unexpected
lift to sounds
Adds variety and excitement to music
oTempo
Speed at which beats occur
oMelody
Series of note arranged in order to form a recognizable units
The Structure/“Song Form” of a Jazz Tune
o8 bar phrases
o4 phrases together = a chorus
oA phrase is 6 bars together that end with a 2 bar break
oA chorus totals 32 bars (AABA form)
oThe B is known as the bridge
Important Dance Terminology (to be covered throughout the semester)
oJazz
Body isolations
Lunge
Tilts
Spirals
Plie (demi and grand): to bend (small and big)
Tendu: to stretch
Degage: to disengage
Ronde jambe (a terre and a l’aire): to go around the leg (on the floor and in
the air)
Passé: to pass through
Retire: to retire
Coupe: to cut
Develope: to develop
Grand battement: big beat
Grand battements en tournant: big beat turning
En croix: to make a cross
Port de bras (1st, 2nd, high fifth, low fifth or preparation): to move the arms
A la seconde: to the side
Devant : to the front
Derriere: to the back
Positions of the feet (1st, 2nd, 4th and 5th)
Pirouette (en dehors and en dedans): to turn (outward and inward)
Pas de bouree
Pivot turn
Lindy
Jazz square
Triplet
Three step turn
Grapevine
Fan kick
Pas de bouree turn
Chaine: to make a chain
Pique: to step on a straight leg
Releve: to rise
Eleve: to elevate
Pique turn
Sauté de chat : to jump like a cat
Grand jete: big brush
Vernacular jazz terms (Shorty George, the black bottom, sugar foot, snake
hips, Suzie Q, Charleston, liny hop)
oTap Vocabulary
Digs (heel and toe)
Toe knock
Stomp
Step
Brush
Spank
Scuff
Hop
Jump
Shuffle
Ball change
Shuffle ball change
Paddle and roll
Double paddle and roll
Traveling paddles
Crawls
Front irish
Maxiford
Maxiford turn
Buffalo
Waltz clog
Waltz clog turning
Waltz clog time step
Waltz clog with flaps
Flap
Flap heel
Flap two heels
Flap ball change (turning)
Running flap
Flap hop
3 flap shuffle hop
Riffs
Drawbacks
Cincinnatis
Stomp time steps
Bomberches