SOCI 170 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Role Theory, Microsociology, Cultural Lag

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Published on 15 Oct 2016
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Sociology 170 Chapter One
Definitions
Sociology→ the science/study of society, social interactions, societal behaviour, and social
forces.
Microsociology→ Small scale interactions (person v. person, person v. element of society).
Macrosociology→ Large scale interactions (person v. world, person v. society).
Sociological Imagination/Perspective→Ability to see our private experiences and personal
problems as a reflection of structural arrangements of the society in which we live.
Social Forces→ Anything that works to shape our lives, behaviour, personality, etc.
Ideologies→ Sets of opinions/beliefs that shape the way we interact with the world.
Society→ A group or people who share a culture and a territory.
Social Location→ The group memberships that people have because of their location in history
and society.
Social Relationships→ Relationships with other people in society.
Groups/Social Categories→ Race, age, gender, and class.
Structured Pressures→ Pressures that come from organizations or institutions.
Illusion of Social Mobility→ Belief that there is an ability to move up or down in social class.
Symbolic Interactionism→ How people use symbols to interact with each other, communicate
with each other, and develop views of the world.
Functionalism→ Viewing society as an organism, explaining the aspects of social life by
defining their contribution to society, change occurs through adaptation.
Conflict Theory→ Society is composed of groups that engage in fierce competition over scarce
resources. Once a group is at the top, they want to stay there.
Function→ A positive consequence.
Dysfunction→ A negative consequence.
Manifest→ “Intended.”
Latent→ “Unintended.”
Quantitative→ Numbers for data.
Qualitative→ Words for data.
Correlation→ Measurement of the relationship between two or more variables.
Culture→ The knowledge or patterns of living that members of a group of society, or
organization share that distinguishes them from other groups, societies, or organizations.
Material Culture→ Concrete things society creates and uses.
Non-Material Culture→ Anything that represents something else because we agree that it
does.
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