MU 125 Lecture 4: MU125 Notes Lecture Week 4

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13 Feb 2017
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Marley Redd
MU125 Music in Society
Lecture Week Four Notes
Date: February 6, 2017
Assignment: Read Chapter 10 and 11 / Baroque characteristics / Listen to CD 1 Track 21 / Listen
to “Hallelujah Chorus” pg. 104
Unit: Part Three and Four / Movie Amadeus
The Baroque Period: 1600-1750
The Classical Period: 1750-1820
*The Amadeus was during the classical period.
Introduction to Baroque Period
Grandiose performances involving many performers /rise of organ used in church.
Interest in drama
Religion (Catholics and Protestants)
Works written for String Orchestra/Bach
Baroque Art such as ceiling painting
Science: gravity / plants / chemistry / circulation / geometry
Baroque Musical Characteristics
Antiphonal: (polychoral, stereophonic, etc.)
Homophony (one melody) in Singing: (like church hymns and chorales) See pg. 107
Meter introduced (you can count 3 or 4 etc.)
Tonal center and keys now exist
Terraced dynamics (pg. 128 “Spring)
Bass line was very prominent (sometimes called basso continuo)
New dramatic genre: recitative
Subgenre: Recitative
Short part of a larger work (like opera or musical)
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Expressive and emoting - often monologue
Homophonic (melody and accompaniment)
Uninteresting melody
Free rhythm
Words are accented by chords
Used in genres: oratorio, chorus, and cantata
Ex: pg. 97 “the voice oh him that crieth in the wildness prepare ye the way of the lord.”
(chords on the italicized words)
Movie Amadeus
Amadeus is a 1984 period drama directed by Milos Forman and written by Peter Shaffer
One question: Who are the two main characters of this movie?
o Answer: Mozart and
Date: February 7, 2017
Assignment: Read Chapter 12 Opera / Listen to “Dido’s Lament” / recitative and aria pg. 115
Review
Baroque Era (1600-1750)
o Cultural and performance characterisitics
o Musical Characteristics:
Meter, tonal center
Rise of homophony (esp. choral works)
Terraced dynamics
Bass line (“basso continuo”)
Use of subgenre: recitative
Virtuosity: using ones skill (display of skill)
Chapter 11 Genre: Oratorio / Subgenres: Aria and Chorus / Composer: Frederic Handel
Genre: Oratorio (religious opera)
Lengthy performance
Choir, orchestra and soloists
Religious stories (from bible)
Subgenres (sections) of an oratorio include
o Aries
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