MU - Music MU 125 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Baroque Instruments, Antonio Vivaldi, Cerebral Cortex

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19 Feb 2017
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Marley Redd
MU- 125 Music in Society
Lecture Week: Five
Date: February 13, 2017
Assignment: Read Chapter 15
Review
Baroque instrumental music highlights string instruments and keyboards (harpsichords and
organ) but occasionally adds wind instruments.
Baroque instrumental music tends to be more layered/polyphonic than vocal music in this era.
What is this title of the famous piece by Prachebel?
Antonio Vivaldi
Italian composer Venice
Ran Girls Orphanage
Nikaed il prete rosso the red priest
Wrote concerti for a lot of instruments.
The Four “easos – a set of 4 violin concerti written by A.Vivalidi
Spring (3 movements) (E major)
Summer (3 movements) (G minor)
Autumn (3 movements) (F major)
Winter (3 movements)
o Spring Includes: heavy pulsing bass line / terraced dynamics
Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750)
Baroque composer
Large family of musicians
Excellent organist
He wrote for keyboard (harpsichord and organ) and string orchestra
Expert fugue writer.
Genre: Fugue
Baroque instrumental composition
Based o oe thee alled a sujet
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The sujet eters iitatiel i differet laers alled oies, ad reates laers
Imitative polyphonic (rounds)
Music Example: Toccata and Fugue in D minor (pg. 130)
Originally written for organ
The first setio is free for toata
The seods setio is Fugue
Walt Dise’s origial fatasia eerpt used this.
Date: February 14, 2017
Assignment: Reach Chapter 16 Sonata Form
Classical Era - (1750-1825)
Classical Era Music: considered the most cerebral and intellectual:
Practicing an instrument enlarges the cerebral cortex
Listening to some music helps learning and memory
Music can effect hormones
o Cortisol: (arousal / alertness / stress)
o Testosterone: (aggression and energy)
o Oxytocin: (nurturing and trusting behavior)
Triggers the natural opiate endorphin and also dopamine
The Culture of the Classical Period
The challenge of the government
Age of Enlightenment and ideas
Philosophy: idealized reason and logic
Pursuit of happiness
Classicism and the Social Climate of Music
Patronage System (for composers)
Rise of public performance/concert hall
Music used for entertainment
Classical Music Characteristics
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