PY - Psychology PY 100S Lecture Notes - Lecture 21: Countertransference, Unconditional Positive Regard, Systematic Desensitization

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15 Nov 2016
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November 15, 2016
Providers of Psychotherapy: Psychologist, Psychiatrist, Psychoanalyst, Clinical Social Worker, Licensed
Professional Counselor, PhD, PsyD, EdD, MD, MSW, Masters
Psychotherapy: Common Features
Client
o Inpatient or outpatient
Therapist
o Buildig rapport is er iportat; otriutes to liet’s ie of suess
Theory about causes of problems
o All have some theory of cause
Procedures for dealing with problems
o The treatment stems from the theory of cause
Theoretical Approaches to Psychotherapy
Psychodynamic
o One-to-one method
o Relation between life history and current problems
o Emphasis on thoughts and emotions
o Focus on client-therapist relationship
Transference and Countertransference
Examples of Psychoanalysis
o Free Association
The talkig ure
Clients report whatever though mind
o Transference
How does client react to the therapist?
o Countertransference
How does the client influence the analyst?
o Working through
Ho does the liet’s uosious effet eerda life?
Dreams = Free Association
Dreams = Pathways
Contemporary Psychoanalysis
Less emphasis on biological drives from the id and unconscious.
Focus on role of social relationships
o How the power of the ego can be used to solve relationship problems?
Therapists are more active
o Direct client’s attetio to eidee of oflit i soial relatioships
Shorter duration
o Brief psychotherapy (usually 8-12 weeks)
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