PY - Psychology PY 100S Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Penis Envy, Karen Horney, Electra Complex

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12 Jan 2017
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Health:
Focused on behavior and relation to health.
Stress
Personality Variables
Lifestyle variables
Stress: Emotional and physical process that you use to adjust or deal with events that
interfere with daily functioning
Stress; Daily hassle, life changes, events
Stress Mediators; control, support, predictability, coping method
Responses; physical, emotional, cognitive, behavioral
Psychological: Negative stressors cause the most adverse effects. Natural disasters
Physical Stressors: life events, positive or negative, you must adjust
Catastrophic event: Life threating event, shocking, serious problems (I.E 9/11,
Natural disaster).
Life changer (I.E divorce, unemployment, family illness, moving).
Chronic stressors: Continue over long period (I.E living next to airport, shooting
range, constant discrimination.).
Daily Hassles: Minor irritations, pressure. (I.E can’t find parking spot, can’t find
keys).
Responses:
Physiological: heart rate, adrenaline, sympathetic nervous system
Emotional: feeling tired, worried, angry
Cognitive: what you tell yourself, thinking, thinking impaired
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Behavioral: How you act while dealing. Crying, acting out, excessive sleeping,
eating, nail biting, smoking, drinking.
General Adaption Syndrome:
Alarm reaction:
Emergency situation
Resistance phase:
Signs of stress fade
Body copes
Hormones dump into blood stream
Body settles for long battle
Exhaustion:
Signs of physical wear and tear
SAM: sympatho-adreno-medullary
Hypothalamus- adrenal gland- catecholamine- activate liver, kidney, heart, lungs, etc.
Increase BP, muscle tension, blood sugar
HPA: Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical
Hypothalamus- pituitary- ACTH adrenocorticotropic hormone- adrenal-
corticosteroids
Release energy and fight inflammation
Pituitary triggers release of endorphins
Emotional Stress Response:
Fear, Anger
Typically, short lived
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Problematic if stressor lasts long time
Could lead to:
Anxiety
Depression
Cognitive:
Ruminative thinking
Reoccurring thoughts
Catastrophizing
Dwelling on negative consequences
Mental Set
Well learned strategies
Functional Fixedness
Used objects for one purpose
Impaired decision making
Overt Behavioral:
Changes in emotional expression, voice
Escape or avoidance
Quit job, school, substance abuse
Aggression/ Irritability
Take out on family
PTSD:
Pattern of severe negative reactions following a traumatic event
Burnout:
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