Unit 15_Women and Children.pdf

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African Studies
AFRS 2465
Richard Wamai

AFRS2465Dynamics of Conflicts in Africa Unit 15 Women and Children as Armed Combatants and Victims NotesAs Victims of WarUNICEF Child Soldier Definition Any person under 18 years of age who is part of any kind of regular or irregular armed force or armed group in any capacity including but not limited to cooks porters messengers and those accompanying such groups other than purely as family members It includes girls recruited for sexual purposed and forced marriages It does not therefore only refer to a child who is carrying or has carried armsInstitutionalized the term child300000 children under the age of 18 are currently participating in armed conflicts 120000 are in AfricaChild soldiers are recruited in more than 40 different countries on nearly every continent15 million children dead 4 million disabled or maimed in conflictsWhile most child soldiers are in their teens some are as young as 7 years old1988 Coalition to Stop the Use of Child Soldiers established by human rights agencies Coalition serves as an independent global monitors for child soldiers Confirms that tens of thousands of child soldiers have been demobilized during the past 4 years Tens of thousands more have remained in or been newly recruited and used in armed conflictsprimarily by nonstate armed groups but also by some national armies
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