Unit 23_Justice and Peacekeeping.pdf

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Northeastern University
African Studies
AFRS 2465
Richard Wamai

AFRS2465Dynamics of Conflicts in Africa Unit 23 Justice and Peacekeeping Notes Holding past perpetrators to account is vital to deterring future atrocitiesPeace and justice are both of fundamental importance when it comes to ending conflictsUnited Nations 1945Determined to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war which twice in our lifetime has brought untold sorrow to mankindPeace organization the pursue peaceAnd the these ends to practice tolerance to unite our strength to maintain international peace and security to ensure by the acceptance of principles that armed force shall not be used to employ international machineryIsaiah 24 Nation will not lift up sword against nation neither will they learn war anymoreInternational Architecture of Peace and Justice 1945 World CourtInternational Court of Justice 2002 International Criminal Court International criminal tribunals Yugoslavia 1993 Rwanda 1994 Truth and reconciliation commission TRC Hybrid UNfunded courts Sierra Leone Rwanda Traditional judicial structures Rwandas gacacaInternational Court of Justice ICJ primary judicial organ of the UN main functions are to settle legal disputes submitted to it by member states and to give advisory opinion on legal questions submitted to it by duly authorized internationals organs agencies and the UN General AssemblyOmar alBashir Sudan and Uhuru Kenyatta Kenya currently have cases in the ICC largest number of State Parties are African 100 of the current cases in the ICC are from African Parties
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