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Lecture 3

CLTR 1501 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Table Manners, Bourgeoisie

Course Code
CLTR 1501
Sedar Alice

of 4
1. CLTR 1501 Jan 14th
Performance vs. change
Concept of failure
US vs French upbringing:
o3 historical reasons
otraditional upbringing
Challenges in early 60s (3 reasons)
reflect as much on them as on us
presentation of stereotypes leads to easy character development
comfort of familiarity, ease of relating
3 level crisis in France
crisis with Europe
identity crisis: diversification of society. People cannot cope with the
imminent changes society is undergoing.
Rules  French people have a difficulty with coping with changing
Raymonde Carroll – CM Chapter 3
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Not strict (in public)
No public humiliation
Focus on happiness
Constant dialogue/questioning
Appearances/reflection on who you are as a parent
Good manners
Being well dressed
Table manners
Silence unless you have something amusing, witty, intelligent to say
Well behaved independence
Taught not to bother parents
Proximity to father
Community/public reprimands
Social models
Courtesy/politeness acts as a barrier between you and the rest of the people
A child in France should not be questioning
Should follow a model that has been laid out
Reproduce social models
Failure  not taking risks because of fear of failure or disappointing parents
(not meeting their expectations and affecting their overall image)
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Failure is often seen as final, accompanied by social judgment
Government’s duty to protect citizens
Historical roots to traditional upbringing (middle/upper class)
1. Revolution 1789: monarchy was abolished.
Universal declaration of the rights of men and citizens is written
shortly after
Granted equality to everybody: freedom of expression, freedom
of religion, freedom of the press, etc.
Promises didn’t really happen.
19th century: 2 republics, 2 monarchs
political and social turmoil
powerful people began to decline
new social class emerges as power of France bourgeoisie
had always been the class that was despise, they made
money without having any intellect.
Had money and wanted to be seen as the “new
aristocrats” adopted all preexisting social codes and conducts (from
2. Industrialization: relationship between social stability and public
1830s France started to industrialize
new class emerges: factory workers. Worked in extremely poor
strikes begin: asking for better salaries, better working
bourgeoisie begins to fear a new revolution
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