Unit I_Introduction to Concepts.pdf

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International Affairs
INTL 1101
Ioannis Livanis

INTL1101GlobalizationInternational Affairs Unit IIntroduction to Concepts NotesTheories are abstractions of the way things are a mental shortcut to the most representative piece of the wholeRealismHuman nature people are fundamentally selfish and ethically flawed compete for selfadvantageInstinctive lust for power eradicating this instinct is not possibleInternational politics is a war of all against all every man for himselfPrime obligation of the state is promoting the national interestZerosum game conflict of interestPeople shouldnt enter alliancesalways steal AnarchyPowerState as primary actorHigh politics dominates low politics in an international arenaCommon knowledge in international norms ie unspokenunwritten rulesSelfinterest vs cooperationLiberalismOtherwise known as idealismReason and ethics can overcome international anarchy to create a more orderly and cooperative worldOptimistic about the prospects of cooperationUse institutions to reduce conflict stable democraciesDiplomacy instead of forcePolitics not seen as a zerosum game
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