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Lecture 33

PHIL 1180 Lecture 33: Non-Identity Problem

3 Pages

Course Code
PHIL 1180
Ronald Sandler

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Lecture 33 — Non-Identity Problem Paper 5: Selecting topic directly related to course must be philosophical claim not predictive, prescriptive, or explanatory claim - talk to him about the claim before you write value, normative, or theoretical issue and must be contested. Review: Ethical Dimensions of Climate Change all issues are compromised by GCC a lot of social issues are related to GCC Perfect storm Idea longitudinal collective action problem need a lot of people over time hard when there is no gov’t authorities countries all have different interests developing countries vs developed countries Future Generations to what extent should we take into account the interest of the future generations in our decisions discount issue count the future less than the present. inflation (inc quality of life in ethics) if they are better off in the future, it makes no sense to do stuff for the future now. Swamping problem there is so many more of them that we have to take into account Unknown needs problem how do we even know what they are going to need in the future given the rate of technological change. technology changes faster and faster over time — it is hard for us to predict what people need in 50-100 years. non-identity problem Non identity problem — conceptual problem future people do not exist it is undetermined which future people will be it all depends on which sperms meet which eggs. changing policies will change which people meet which people and leads to different sperms meeting different eggs. problem did we harm anybody? did we make anyone worse off? — no, they just would have not existed if we just keep doing what were doing we will be FP1 future people are non-existant and contingent we can just determine which future people will exist just have to make sure that things aren’t so bad that people would rather not exist. It is bad aggregate wellbeing it would be better to have a large population with low wellbeing Average wellbeing a better world is where there is a small amount of people li
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