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Lecture 36

PHIL 1180 Lecture Notes - Lecture 36: AnthropocentrismPremium

2 pages12 viewsFall 2016

Course Code
PHIL 1180
Ronald Sandler

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Future Generations
We should consider future generations
Non identity problem- arises any time were making decisions about future generations
Future generations don't exist and are non contingent
Any choices we make don't actually make future generations worse than they
would otherwise because they wouldn't otherwise be (exist)
We can't take future generations into account based on what's harming them
Ask what we owe to the next generation
How can we think of them?
Intergenerational justice- (think about what each generation owes to
the next)
Just savings principle - have to pass on to future generations the
conditions that they require to flourish based on what you got from the
last generation
o (artificial resource problem)
Comparison populations
Mitigation- preventative approach to issues
Adaptation- response of species to adapt to condition
Compensation- find ways to make up for the damage that is done
Ethical considerations favor mitigation over adaptation and compensation
Compensation does not undo the wrong
Human rights violations
Future generations
Non anthropocentric values
Question 1) Who should mitigate? (what are responsibilities of different countries to reduce
All countries have common but differential responsibility
historical -countries that are most responsible in the future
should have the most
capacity - countries that have more ability to be responsible
should do more
Population- countries that have the largest populations should
bear the majority of the mitigation responsibility
Basically calls on all countries to mitigate but more affluent
nations should lead mitigation and help assist other countries
(LDCs) to reduce emissions
Question 2) How much to mitigate? (he will post these slides on bb)
Wedges- strategy to reduce carbon emissions that grows in 50 years
from zero to 1.0 GtC/year
Makes palpable what we need to do to reduce emissions
Outlines big projects (like increasing solar power by 12 times)
o Behavioral wedge ex flying less often, eating less meat
Every wedge has associated impacts and costs
o Ways of evaluating wedges (what are the hidden costs?)
Does one factor effect multiple wedges
Does the wedge have negative costs
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