ART HIST 250 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Beaune Altarpiece, Ghent Altarpiece, Jan Gossaert

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Hieronymus Bosch, Garden of Earthly Delights, 1510-1510. Oil on wood
Tryptic
Hell panel is on the right side of the tryptic which is reference to Last Judgement
pieces: hell on left side of Christ
Outside panels show the world painted in a very limited, monotone pallet
Grisaille: paintings which are painted mostly in gray
“For he spoke, and it came to be; he commanded, and it stood firm.”
Psalm 33.9
Left hand panel identified as paradise
Horizon line is very high: more to see
Absurd biomorphic (looks like life forms) architecture
Murmuration of swallows: birds flying through the structures
Figures emerge out of other figures
Central panel is mystery onto itself
Odd disjunction in scale between humans and animals
Artists are celebrated for the first time for the ability to imagine the
unknown: ability to force with their imagination new worlds
Might be the world before the flood
Initially described as painting of luxury
Accountability for lust seen in hell panel
Commissioned by Hendrik III, noblemen that collected art: possible orgiastic
significance behind the commissioning
Drawing by Bosch, “Tree Man” / self portrait?
At the center of his work is the artist or could be stand in for artist looking back on
the composition
Jan Gossaert, Neptune and Amphitrite, 1516. Oil on wood
Also commissioned by Hendrik III.
Self portrait in Neptune
Amphitrite might be the land from Brussels/Dutch
Jan (and Hubert) van Eyck, Ghent Altarpiece, 1432
Rogier van der Weyden, Beaune Altarpiece (Last Judgement), Hôtel-Dieu, France
Ideal age of 33 is when your soul would be resurrected: soul is for of ideal body
See bodies that all look alike being resurrected
Hieronymus Bosch, The Ship of Fools, c. 1490-1500. Oil on wood
Tree with strange rigging
Picks up theme of ship of fools from printed literature during the time: both
secular and non-secular
Thomas More’s Utopia. First written account of an ideal world.
The Ship of Fools was about reducing all different types of people into
fools
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