BIOL 2600 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Aids, Immunodeficiency, Allergy

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Published on 20 May 2017
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SET 6
acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)
the most advanced, and fatal, stage of an HIV infection
adenocarcinoma
any one of a large group of carcinomas derived from glandular tissue
adenoids
located in the nasopharynx
adjuvant therapy
used after the primary treatments have been completed to decrease the chance that a cancer will
recur
allergen
a substance that produces an allergic reaction in an individual
allergic reaction
occurs when the body's immune system reacts to a harmless allergen such as pollen, food, or
animal dander as if it were a dangerous invader
allergist
specializes in diagnosing and treating conditions of altered immunologic reactivity, such as
allergic reactions
allergy
an overreaction by the body to a particular antigen
anaphylaxis
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a severe response to an allergen in which the symptoms develop quickly, and without help, the
patient can die within a few minutes.
angiogenesis
the process through which the tumor supports its growth by creating its own blood supply
antiangiogenesis
a form of treatment that disrupts this blood supply to the tumor
antibiotic resistant bacteria
develop when an antibiotic fails to kill all of the bacteria it targets
antibiotic
medications that are capable of inhibiting growth, or killing pathogenic bacterial microorganisms
antibody
a disease-fighting protein created by the immune system in response to the presence of a specific
antigen
antifungal
an agent that destroys or inhibits the growth of fungi
antigen
any substance that the body regards as being foreign, and includes viruses, bacteria, toxins, and
transplanted tissues
antigen-antibody reaction
a reaction that labels a potentially dangerous antigen so that it can be recognized, and destroyed,
by other cells of the immune system
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antihistamines
medications administered to relieve or prevent the symptoms of hay fever and other types of
allergies
antineoplastic
medication that blocks the development, growth, or proliferation of malignant cells
antiviral drug
used to treat viral infections or to provide temporary immunity
autoimmune disorder
any of a large group of diseases characterized by a condition in which the immune system
produces antibodies against its own tissues
axillary lymph nodes
located under the arms in the armpits
B cells
specialized lymphocytes that produce and secrete antibodies
bacilli
rod-shaped spore-forming bacteria
bacteria
one-celled microscopic organisms, some of which are pathogenic
benign tumor
a noncancerous growth
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