BIOL 2600 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Air Sacs, Bronchus, Trachea

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Published on 20 May 2017
School
Department
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SET 7
nas/o
Nose. Exchanges air during inhaling and exhaling; warms, moisturizes, and filters inhaled air
sinus/o
Sinuses. Produces mucus for the nasal cavities, makes bone of the skull lighter, aids in sound
production
pharyng/o
Pharynx. Transports air back and forth between the nose and the trachea
laryng/o
Larynx. Makes speech possible
epiglott/o
Epiglottis. Closes off the trachea during swallowing
trache/o
Trachea. Transports air back and forth between the pharynx and the bronchi
bronch/o, bronchi/o
Bronchi. Transports air from the trachea into the lungs
alveol/o
Alveoli. Air sacs that exchange gases with the pulmonary capillary blood
pneum/o, pneumon/o, pulm/o pulmon/o
Lungs, Air. Brings oxygen into the body and removes carbon dioxide and some water waste
from the body
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ox/i, ox/o, ox/y
Oxygen
phon/o
Sound, Voice
pleur/o
Pleura, Side of the body
-pnea
Breathing
somn/o
Sleep
spir/o
To Breathe
thorac/o, -thorax
Chest, Pleural Cavity
Asphyxia
This is the loss of consciousness that occurs when the body cannot get the oxygen/air it needs to
function
Antitussive
Aka Cough Medicine. This is a medication administered to prevent or relieve coughing
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Cheyne-Stokes Respiration
This is an irregular/alternating pattern of breathing characterized by alternating rapid and shallow
respiration/breathing followed by shorter respiration and absence or respiration or apnea. This
also includes the alternating pattern of slow breathing, the absence of breathing, and rapid
breathing
Pertussis
Aka Whopping Cough. This is a contagious bacterial infection of the upper respiratory tract that
is characterized by recurrent bouts of of a paroxysmal cough, followed by breathlessness and a
noisy inspiration
Empyema
This refers to a collection/accumulation of pus in a body cavity
Mediastinum
This is the middle section of the chest cavity and is located between the lungs. This contains
connective tissue and organs, including the heart, its veins, its arteries (including the aorta), the
esophagus, trachea, bronchi, thymus gland, and lymph nodes
Otolaryngologist
Aka ENT (Ear, Nose, and Throat). This is a physician with specialized training in the diagnoses
and treatment of diseases and disorders of the head and the neck (ear, nose, and throat)
Pneumoconiosis
This is any fibrosis/abnormal condition of the lung tissues caused by dust in the lungs after
prolonged environmental or occupational contact
Nebulizer
This is an electronic device/medical equipment that dispenses doses of/pumps air or oxygen
through a liquid medicine to turn it into a mist, which is then inhaled by the patient via a face
mask or mouthpiece
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