BIOL 2600 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, Amobarbital, Degenerative Disease

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Published on 20 May 2017
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SET 10
ACE
types of neurons: Afferent, Connecting, Efferent
acrophobia
an excessive fear of being in high places
afferent neurons (afferent means toward)
sensory neurons; emerge from sensory organs and the skin to carry the impulses from the
sensory organs toward the brain and spinal cord
agoraphobia
an excessive fear of situations in which having a panic attack seems likely and/or dangerous or
embarrassing
alcoholism
chronic alcohol dependence with specific signs and symptoms upon withdrawal
Alzheimer's disease
disorder associated with degenerative changes in the brain structure that lead to progressive
memory loss, impaired cognition, and personality changes
amnesia
a memory disturbance characterized by a total or partial inability to recall past experiences
amobarbital
a barbiturate used as a sedative and hypnotic
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
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a degenerative disease in which patients become progressively weaker until they are completely
paralyzed; also known as Lou Gehrig's disease
anesthesia
the absence of normal sensation, especially sensitivity to pain, that is induced by the
administration of an anesthetic
anesthesiologist
a physician who specializes in administering anesthetic agents before and during surgery
anesthetic
the medication used to induce anesthesia
anesthetist
a medical professional who specializes in administering anesthesia, but is not a physician
anticonvulsant
administered to prevent seizures such as those associated with epilepsy
antidepressant
a medication administered to prevent or relieve depression
antipsychotic drug
a medication administered to treat symptoms of severe disorders of thinking and mood that are
associated with neurological and psychiatric illnesses such as schizophrenia, mania, and
delusional disorders
anxiety disorders
mental conditions characterized by anxiety or fear that is out of proportion to the real danger in a
situation
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anxiolytic drug
a medication administered to temporarily relieve anxiety and to reduce tension; also known as an
antianxiety drug or tranquilizer
aphasia
the loss of the ability to speak, write, and/or comprehend the written or spoken word
arachnoid membrane
the second layer of the meninges and is located between the dura mater and the pia mater
arachnophobia
an excessive fear of spiders
ascending nerve tracts
carry nerve impulses toward the brain
attention deficit disorder
characterized by a short attention span and impulsive behavior that is inappropriate for the child's
developmental age
autism
describes a group of conditions in which a young child cannot develop normal social
relationships
autonomic nervous system
controls the involuntary actions of the body
axon
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