BIOL 2600 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Biceps, Antispasmodic, Muscle Tone

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Published on 20 May 2017
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SET 4
abduction
the movement of a limb away from the midline of the body
Achilles tendinitis
a painful inflammation of the Achilles tendon caused by excessive stress being placed on that
tendon
adduction
the movement of a limb toward the midline of the body
adhesion
a band of fibrous tissue that holds structures together abnormally
antispasmodic
administered to suppress smooth muscle contractions of the stomach, intestine, or bladder
ataxia
the inability to coordinate muscle activity during voluntary movement
atonic
lacking normal muscle tone or strength
atrophy
weakness or wearing away of body tissues and structures
biceps brachii
biceps, formed from two divisions
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bradykinesia
extreme slowness in movement
cardioplegia
paralysis of heart muscle (cardiac arrest)
carpal tunnel release
the surgical enlargement of the carpal tunnel or cutting of the carpal ligament to relieve nerve
pressure
carpal tunnel syndrome
occurs when the tendons that pass through the carpal tunnel are chronically overused and become
inflamed and swollen
chronic fatigue syndrome
a disorder of unknown cause that affects many body systems
circumduction
the circular movement at the far end of a limb
compartment syndrome
involves the compression of nerves and blood vessels due to swelling within the enclosed space
created by the fascia that separates groups of muscles
contraction
the tightening of a muscle
contracture
the permanent tightening of fascia, muscles, tendons, ligaments, or skin that occurs when
normally elastic connective tissues are replaced with nonelastic fibrous tissues
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