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Lecture 5

PSYC 2160 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Self-Awareness, Binge Eating, Impression Management


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 2160
Professor
Piccone
Lecture
5

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SET 5
Self
Hard to define...
*Self's Main Parts:
-Self-knowledge
-Interpersonal self
-Agent self
Self-concept
Our knowledge about who we are
Self-schemas
beliefs people hold about themselves that guide the processing of self-relevant information
Example: A person that is concerned with their weight is schematic about their weight and thus
susceptible to triggers such as going to the beach (mundane every day events)
Looking-glass self:
The idea that people learn about themselves by
imagining how they appear to others
Introspection:
The process whereby people look inward and examine their own thoughts, feelings, and motives
Self-awareness theory:
The idea that when people focus their attention
on themselves, they evaluate and compare their behavior to their internal standards and values
Self-perception theory
The theory that when our attitudes and
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feelings are ambiguous, we infer these states by observing our behavior and the situation in
which
it occurs
Intrinsic motivation:
The desire to engage in an activity because we enjoy it or find it interesting, not because of
external rewards or pressures
Extrinsic motivation:
The desire to engage in an activity because of
external rewards or pressures, not because we enjoy the task or find it interesting
Social Comparison Theory:
The idea that we learn about our own abilities and attitudes by comparing ourselves to other
people
Upward social comparison:
A comparison of the self to another who does
better than or is superior to us
- Lowers self-esteem!
Downward social comparison:
A comparison of the self to another who does
less well than or is inferior to us
- Boosts self-esteem
Personal vs. Social Identity Continuum
* Personal level - As a unique individual
*Group level - A member of a group
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*Where we place ourselves on this
continuum influences our self identity
-Whether we feel a part of a group or as an individual influences our social responses
Personal vs social identity:
Intragroup vs intergroup
If we focus on our personal identity:
- Likely to compare ourselves to other
individuals
*Comparisons within our group = intragroup
comparisons
If we focus on our group membership:
- Likely to compare our group to other groups
* Comparisons between groups = intergroup
comparisons
Social Identity Theory:
We dissociate ourselves from in-group members
who perform poorly & stay close to in-group
members who perform well
Black Sheep Effect
When someone in our in-group acts in a way that threatens the value of the group identity, that
person is rejected in an effort to protect the group identity
(Beyonce giving her speech time to Taylor Swift)
Self-evaluation Maintenance Model:
We dissociate ourselves from people who perform better than we do & stay close to
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