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Lecture 10

EURO-UA 511 Lecture 10: Russia in the Early 20th Century
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4 Pages
95 Views
Spring 2016

Department
European and Mediterranean Studies
Course Code
EURO-UA 511
Professor
Euro History
Lecture
10

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1. Russia in the Early 20th Century
a. Civil War – Whites (un-united not-communists) vs. Reds (communists)
a.i. Britain and US are helping Whites (Russians don’t forget that)
b. Starts USSR with Lenin as leader (totalitarian)
b.i. Dictatorship of proletariat
b.i.1. Need strong government to get to Marxist ideal
b.ii. New Economic Plan – allows free enterprise in country but not the city
b.ii.1. Guarantees food – countryside farmers can sell food in
capitalist way
b.ii.2. Kulaks – peasant class (rich-ish peasants)…decent number
of them
c. Trotsky is internationalist/Stalin is socialism in one country (AKA totalitarianism)
c.i. Stalin cares more about expansion of his power than Trotsky or Lenin
ever did
d. Stalin
d.i. Complete control of economy
d.i.1. Kulaks – fat cat capitalists that he exterminates
d.i.2. Collectivizes agriculture (kill the people who know how to
farm and makes agriculture inefficient)
d.i.2.a. Population decline
d.i.3. 5 Year Plans (28-33, 33-38)
d.i.3.a. Good industrial base – jump start industrialization
in USSR
d.i.3.b. Horrible conditions for average laborer
d.i.4. Cult of Personality
d.i.4.a. Becoming paranoid about personal threats to his
own power
d.i.4.a.i. Anyone who is a threat to him is killed or sent away
d.i.4.a.ii. Goes to war just to take some land – real politik
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Description
1. Russia in the Early 20 Century a. Civil War – Whites (un-united not-communists) vs. Reds (communists) i. Britain and US are helping Whites (Russians don’t forget that) b. Starts USSR with Lenin as leader (totalitarian) i. Dictatorship of proletariat 1. Need strong government to get to Marxist ideal ii. New Economic Plan – allows free enterprise in country but not the city 1. Guarantees food – countryside farmers can sell food in capitalist way 2. Kulaks – peasant class (rich-ish peasants)…decent number of them c. Trotsky is internationalist/Stalin is socialism in one country (AKA totalitarianism) i. Stalin cares more about expansion of his power than Trotsky or Lenin ever did d. Stalin i. Complete control of economy 1. Kulaks – fat cat capitalists that he exterminates 2. Collectivizes agriculture (kill the people who know how to farm and makes agriculture inefficient) a. Population decline 3. 5 Year Plans (28-33, 33-38) a. Good industrial base – jump start industrialization in USSR b. Horrible conditions for average laborer 4. Cult of Personality a. Becoming paranoid about personal threats to his own power i. Anyone who is a threat to him is killed or sent away ii. Goes to war just to take some land – real politik b. Kills generals so that army is inefficient i. Finland almost defeat Russia – which is pathetic 1. Shows that Russian army has really gone downhill c. Church gets repressed because totalitarian ideology runs from atheist roots d. Suppresses nationalism 2. Age of Anxiety (1920’s) a. Art: Nonrepresentational i. Moving away from looking like a photograph ii. Cubism – Picasso iii. Surrealism iv. Salvidor Dali v. Dadaism – doing everything that is as anti-convention/norm as can be b. Major pessimism i. Europe is in decline (economies, populations, death, etc.) ii. Had faith in everything shattered iii. Feels like world is ending c. Vitkinstein – philosopher i
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