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Lecture 15

EURO-UA 511 Lecture 15: JAPAN AND IMPERIALISM
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5 Pages
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Spring 2016

Department
European and Mediterranean Studies
Course Code
EURO-UA 511
Professor
Euro History
Lecture
15

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JAPAN AND IMPERIALISM
I. Japan and the U.S.
a. 1853 – Commodore Matthew Perry visits Japan
a.i. U.S. wanted new markets + end Tokugawa Shogunate’s isolationist
policy
a.ii. Came with huge warships
b. Arguments in Favor of Opening Japan
b.i. Avoid attack from the U.S.
b.ii. Gain access to America’s technology
b.iii. Gain economic prosperity
c. Arguments for Isolation
c.i. Japan might lose cultural identity
c.ii. Japan might become too dependent on imports
c.iii. Didn’t like dealing w/ “barbarians”
II. Treaty of Kanagawa (1854)
a. Opened 2 Japanese ports
b. Opened diplomatic relations w/ U.S.
c. Japan would import American technology
III. Results
a. Other Western nations opened up trade with Japan
b. Japan sent ambassadors to U.S.
c. Japan began to modernize
IV. The Meiji Restoration (1868 – 1912)
a. Shogun removed
a.i. 15-year-old Emperor Mutsuhito Meiji gained the power
V. Changes under the Meiji
a. Political
a.i. 1889 – Japanese Consitution + the Diet (a law-making body)
a.ii. Instituted fair courtroom procedures
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b. Social
b.i. No more feudal classes (end of daimyo + samurai)
b.ii. Women could work
b.iii. Compulsory elementary-school level education
c. Economic
c.i. Accelerated industrialization, improved military
c.ii. Zaibatsu (family-owned corporations) bought factories from the
government
c.iii. Upgraded banking, postal, and transportations systems
VI. Japanese Imperialism
a. 1894 – Sino-Japanese War: Japan defeats China
b. 1904 – Russo-Japanese War: Japan defeats Russia
THE UNITED STATES AND IMPERIALISM
I. Annexation of Hawaii
a. Causes
a.i. By 1880, sugar = 75% of island’s wealth
a.ii. Planters didn’t like taxes on sugar exports
a.iii. If the US owned Hawaii, sugar could not be taxed as exports
a.iv. 1887 – Hawaiian king forced to sign a new constitution
a.v. 1891 – Queen Lil makes a new constitution
b. 1893 Resolution
b.i. Planters overthrow Queen Lil
b.ii. Sanford Dole becomes President of the Republic of Hawaii
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Description
JAPAN AND IMPERIALISM I. Japan and the U.S. a. 1853 – Commodore Matthew Perry visits Japan i. U.S. wanted new markets + end Tokugawa Shogunate’s isolationist policy ii. Came with huge warships b. Arguments in Favor of Opening Japan i. Avoid attack from the U.S. ii. Gain access to America’s technology iii. Gain economic prosperity c. Arguments for Isolation i. Japan might lose cultural identity ii. Japan might become too dependent on imports iii. Didn’t like dealing w/ “barbarians” II. Treaty of Kanagawa (1854) a. Opened 2 Japanese ports b. Opened diplomatic relations w/ U.S. c. Japan would import American technology III. Results a. Other Western nations opened up trade with Japan b. Japan sent ambassadors to U.S. c. Japan began to modernize IV. The Meiji Restoration (1868 – 1912) a. Shogun removed i. 15-year-old Emperor Mutsuhito Meiji gained the power V. Changes under the Meiji a. Political i. 1889 – Japanese Consitution + the Diet (a law-making body) ii. Instituted fair courtroom procedures b. Social i. No more feudal classes (end of daimyo + samurai) ii. Women could work iii. Compulsory elementary-school level education c. Economic i. Accelerated industrialization, improved military ii. Zaibatsu (family-owned corporations) bought factories from the government iii. Upgraded banking, postal, and transportations systems VI. Japanese Imperialism a. 1894 – Sino-Japanese War: Japan defeats China b. 1904 – Russo-Japanese War: Japan defeats Russia THE UNITED STATES AND IMPERIALISM I. Annexation of Hawaii a. Causes i. By 1880, sugar = 75% of island’s wealth ii. Planters didn’t like taxes on sugar exports iii. If the US owned Hawaii, sugar could not be taxed as exports iv. 1887 – Hawaiian king forced to sign a new constitution v. 1891 – Queen Lil makes a new constitution b. 1893 Resolution i. Planters overthrow Queen Lil ii. Sanford Dole becomes President of the Republic of Hawaii iii. 1898 – US annexed Hawaii II. The Spanish-American War a. Cuba i. 1895 – Cuba began another war of independence b. War i. 1898 – Explosion aboard the USS Maine kills 260, US blames Spain + declares war c. Results
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