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Lecture 2

EURO-UA 511 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Social Stratification, Philosophes, Scientific MethodPremium

3 pages52 viewsSpring 2016

Department
European and Mediterranean Studies
Course Code
EURO-UA 511
Professor
Euro History
Lecture
2

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The SCIENTIFC REVOLUTION
I. Science in 1500
a. Based on Aristotle, outdated, Geocentric Model
II. Reasons for Scientific Revolution
a. Renaissance spurred scientific exploration
b. Universities were giving people educations
c. Better tools built (telescope)
III. Copernican Hypothesis
a. Heliocentric Model (against Catholic and Protestant views)
IV. Post-Copernicus
a. Tycho Brahe, Johannes Kepler, Galileo (convicted of heresy by the
Church)
b. Sir Issac Newton used what was discovered before him to find laws of
motion
V. Results
a. Promoted scientific method
b. International scientific community grew
PHILOSOPHES OF THE ENLIGHTENMENT (Philosophe: Intellectuals of the
Enlightenment, a philosophical movement promoting liberty, progress, reason, and
tolerance.)
I. John Locke
a. Rejected idea of divine right, believed in natural rights and that only rulers
who respected the rights of the people deserved power
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