Food and Identity: Food and Race 2 March 29, 2013
Covered Readings: Bentley, Amy, “Islands of Serenity: Gender, Race, and Ordered
During World War II” (USA)
Poe, Tracey, “The Origins of Soul Food in Black Urban Identity: Chicago, 1915-1947”
1960s- social chaos, marginalized people gain power
o Women, blacks, non-whites
Norman Rockwell held up a mirror to Americans, produced an ideal image
(Freedom from Want, oversized turkey)
Bentley is a historian, uses pamphlets, propaganda images as texts.
Starts of focusing on stories of inequality between men and women, later
realizes race is also a prominent theme.
Thanksgiving is very American, includes all Americans but excludes non-
Americans whereas Christmas is not an American-only tradition, and it is
more for Christians.
o It is a plentiful feast that demonstrates abundance and wealth.
WWII disrupted the family structure- men went off the war and women took on
o Propaganda such as Freedom from Want contrast with actual
Status quo (man=breadwinner, blacks subservient/low status vs
Men at war, women getting jobs, children possibly neglected to
an extent, blacks getting slightly more opportunities to advance,
especially black women
Abundance and wealth vs rationing of food, devotion of
resources to war
4 Freedoms: Fear, speech, and worship- civil liberties, norms of democratic
And, want – part of consumerism and capitalism. Social Status
Black Women #4 Big Increase White Women #2
Gained more jobs due to increase in Gained more responsibilities