Overdetermination: multiple causes for one effect.
Webster's: having more than one determining psychological factor.
Encyclopedia: "...the theory that every element in the total productive process constituting a
historical moment is determined by all the others."
Syn: Influences, Effects, Causes
Ockham's Razor: the least complicated thing is usually the right answer.
Webster's: a scientific and philosophic rule that entities should not be multiplied unnecessarily
which is interpreted as requiring that the simplest of competing theories be preferred to the more
complex or that explanations of unknown phenomena be sought first in terms of known
Encyclopedia: "...simplicity is a theoretical virtue. This presumption that simpler theories are
preferable appears in many guises."
Synonyms: Simplicity, Uncomplicated, Easy
Solipsism: the self is all we can know to exist.
Webster's: a theory holding that the self can know nothing but its own modifications and that the
self is the only existent thing.
Encyclopedia: "...our experience of the objective world was at the same time an experience of
Syn: Solo, Alone
Interaction: two different things causing and affecting each other.
Webster's: mutual or reciprocal action or influence.
Encyclopedia: “...an occasion when two or more people or things communicate with or react to
Syn: Relationship, Causal, Interconnectedness
Property Dualism: there is one substance composed of two properties.
Webster's: a category of positions in the philosophy of mind which hold that, although the world
is constituted of just one kind of substance — the physical kind — there exist two distinct kinds of
properties: physical properties and mental properties.