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Lecture 2

PHIL-UA 1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Overdetermination, Monism, Materialism

3 pages42 viewsFall 2011

Department
Philosophy
Course Code
PHIL-UA 1
Professor
Smith
Lecture
2

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Vocab2
Overdetermination:multiplecausesforoneeffect.
Webster's:havingmorethanonedeterminingpsychologicalfactor.
Encyclopedia:"...thetheorythateveryelementinthetotalproductiveprocessconstitutinga
historicalmomentisdeterminedbyalltheothers."
Syn:Influences,Effects,Causes
Ockham'sRazor:theleastcomplicatedthingisusuallytherightanswer.
Webster's:ascientificandphilosophicrulethatentitiesshouldnotbemultipliedunnecessarily
whichisinterpretedasrequiringthatthesimplestofcompetingtheoriesbepreferredtothemore
complexorthatexplanationsofunknownphenomenabesoughtfirstintermsofknown
quantities.
Encyclopedia:"...simplicityisatheoreticalvirtue.Thispresumptionthatsimplertheoriesare
preferableappearsinmanyguises."
Synonyms:Simplicity,Uncomplicated,Easy
Solipsism:theselfisallwecanknowtoexist.
Webster's:atheoryholdingthattheselfcanknownothingbutitsownmodificationsandthatthe
selfistheonlyexistentthing.
Encyclopedia:"...ourexperienceoftheobjectiveworldwasatthesametimeanexperienceof
others."
Syn:Solo,Alone
Interaction:twodifferentthingscausingandaffectingeachother.
Webster's:mutualorreciprocalactionorinfluence.
Encyclopedia:“...a
noccasionwhentwoormorepeopleorthingscommunicatewithorreactto
eachother…”
Syn:Relationship,Causal,Interconnectedness
PropertyDualism:thereisonesubstancecomposedoftwoproperties.
Webster's:acategoryofpositionsinthephilosophyofmindwhichholdthat,althoughtheworld
isconstitutedofjustonekindofsubstance—thephysicalkind—thereexisttwodistinctkindsof
properties:physicalpropertiesandmentalproperties.
Encyclopedia:“...
thephilosophicalpositionstatingthatalthoughthereisonlyonekindof
substance,thematerial,therearetwokindsofproperties:physicalandmental.”
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