Class Notes (885,338)
US (343,727)
NYU (2,972)
Philosophy (65)
Ned Block (2)
Lecture 25

PHIL-UA 73 Lecture 25: Lectures 22-25: Chalmers, Lau, Brown, Block -- COMBO: in-class & powerpoint notes

7 Pages

Course Code
Ned Block

This preview shows pages 1 and half of page 2. Sign up to view the full 7 pages of the document.

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Consciousness 3 **Combination ofProfessorBlocks notesand inclass lecture (content belondstoNedBlock) 111417 First orderpaincan beproduced by empatheticmeans o Handscannerexperimentwithnails whenshownavideoofahand gettinghammeredwith nails,thepainarea of thewatchersbrain lit up,eventhoughtheywerentactually feeling pain Scorecardforthe transitivity principle:a perceptualstatesbeing phenomenallyconsciousconsists inones being awareof oneself as beingin thatstate Good o Sourceamnesia o Gopnikbabyexperiments (childrentriedtohopinto fake carsand triedtotake animals outof the picture books) Blocksays theseexperimentsgobeyondarmchairphilosophy Bad o The inexistenceof consciousness o Loweredfrontalactivationwithhighersensoryexperience Whenthere is alot ofsensoryactivation inthebackof the brain, thefrontalcortexis lessactive. You can have intenselyconscious experienceswheretheprobability of ahigherorderthoughtdecreases. The frontalpartof thebrain doesnotworkverywellin babies;itis mostlyperception.Around6months old, babieshaveahighratio of perceptualtofrontalsynapses (however, babiesareclearlyconscious). Asweget older,wehave ahigherratiooffrontalto perceptualsynapses.Babieswhoweregivena specificallyshapedpacifierpreferredtolookat imagesthatresembledthatpacifier. Consciousness depends onwhatis mostdirectly in thevisualcortex. Sowhy is therecolor consciousness intheperiphery?Asyoumovetowardstheperiphery,integrationwindows get larger thereis a lotmorespace integratedintoasingle patch ofcortex. Eventhoughtherearefewercolor receptors,theyaddupbecause thespace is largerin theperiphery. Brownand Lau InattentionalInflationexperiment: Researchers arrangedapairsof highcontrastandlow contrastimages sothatpeoplewould notattendtohigh contrastand payattention tothe low contrast. Theyfoundthat if youequalizedthe unattendedhigh contrastand attended low contrastforsensitivity (dprime),firstorderrepresentationsarethesame butconsciousness is differentsoconsciousnesscannot befirst order. Blocks reply:whattheysayis a differenceinconsciousness isactually a differencein higher order thought.Whenmaking decisions,somepeopleare liberaland othersareconservative in their answers.Youcantreally trustwhatpeoplereport BrownandLau tooktheirrepliesasa perfectindex ofconsciousness. Theyset up asituationwherethehigher orderthought andconsciousexperience wereactually different.Attentionreduces variation; inattentionincreasesvariation.Becausethereis a lot of variation, thatinformation is more likely tocross thethreshold intoconsciousness LauPaper Metacognitive pointers that donothavetheirownperceptualcontents
More Less
Unlock Document
Subscribers Only

Only pages 1 and half of page 2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
Subscribers Only
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document
Subscribers Only

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.