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Lecture 17

PSYCH-UA 30 Lecture 17: personality_11.17.2014

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Andersen Susan

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find more resources at Personality Lecture 11/17/2014 6:24:00 PM o continue talking about depression and models of depression o diathesis stress model  diathesis times stress o cognitive vulnerability to depression and you so happen to encounter problematic life situations that are frustrating + difficult, then you are going to end up interpreting the events your experiencing in such a way that it will lead you to become depressed  diathesis of this model: pessimistic attributional style  pessimistic attributional style  what is pertinent when you are interpreting problematic, negative life events such as stressors  global attribution vs. specific attribution o 2 ndreformulation of learned helplessness theory  referred to as hopelessness model  Abramson, Metalsky, + Alloy  Diathesis x Stress model also  Cognitive vulnerability model to depression, and under the right circumstances, then that cognitive vulnerability is likely to come into play and cause depression  Particular pessimistic attributional style that was specified in first formulation has some problems  One of several vulnerability factors is attributional style  it is not the only/primary cognitive vulnerability find more resources at find more resources at  Internal, stable, and global attribution for some kind of failure or obstacle or problem o Doesn’t matter all that much if attribution is internal o What matters is that it’s a stable and global attribution  Factors that are going to be stable across your life span (stable), and relevant across every domain that you enter (global)  these alone are strong factors to create a cognitive vulnerability to depression  Idea of uncontrollability, which is bringing us back to learned helplessness model  Bringing us back to this notion in a way that takes into account human data  Just b/c you are placed in a situation of uncontrollability does not mean you will become depressed o Only true if you get to the point of believing that the bad stuff will continue over time and apply to everything  Under that circumstance, that’s the kind of cognitive vulnerability that allows the power of uncontrollability to come to the forefront  It will have less effect if you don’t see it as likely to occur across different situations and consistently over time (stable + global)  Any cognitive predisposition which leads you ultimately to over-generalize about the present (esp. the bad present / a current bad experience) such that you come to the idea that the future is going to be filled with this bad experiences  anything that leads you to over-generalize this way is the cognitive vulnerability in terms of inducing depression find more resources at find more resources at  Any person who experiences the death of a parent in childhood, that is agonizing and also finding a way to comprehend/cope with the irrevocability/finality/irreversibility of that  creates a vulnerability to depression o Tremendous, profound loss can create the tendency to see painful events as highly likely to re-occur in the future o Pain of loss of a parent doesn’t fully go away  Why is it called a hopelessness model of depression? o Cognitive meditational model o Interaction b/w your vulnerability factor for depression and the occurrence of stress is going to predict the onset of hopelessness o Some tendency to predict depression; but diathesis x stress interaction predicts hopelessness which then predicts depression o Does the diathesis stress interaction predict hopelessness? It will do so, and it will do so more strongly than it predicts depression o Cognitive meditational model – listen to audio o Mediator is a proximal cause o Mediator/proximal cause of depression = onset of hopelessness o Moderator (relates to mediator)  Diathesis serves as moderator variable  Moderator variable example: we’ve observed something where there’s a gender difference, impact of insult which is moderated find more resources at find more resources at by gend
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