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Chapter_4.doc

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Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLITSC 1100
Professor
All

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 Civil Liberties o Civil Liberties  Individual rights and personal freedoms with which gov’ts are prevented from interfering o Origin of the Bill of Rights  Colonists • Believed strongly in individuality and freedom • Feared a tyrannical gov’t  First 10 amendments of the Constitution  The Bill of Rights and State Gov’ts o 1868: The Fourteenth Amendment  Due Process Clause o Incorporation Process  The process of extending the Bill of Rights to the states  Selective incorporation  First Amendment o The First Amendment Grants  Freedom of religion  Freedom of speech, assembly, association  Freedom of the press • Libel and slander o Strict scrutiny o “Clear and present danger” standard  can’t say fire if no fire  Schneck vs United States  o Political speech in popular media  Hank Williams  Employment and the BOR o Are there certain rights that you give up when you take a job? o Do you have rights as employees? o Should there be an “employee bill of rights?”  The first amendment right guarantees freedom of religion o “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise  thereof..”  establishment clause • various interpretations (3)  free exercise clause  Rights of the Accused o Fourth amendment  No unreasonable or unwarranted search or seizure  No arrest except on probable cause  Mapp v Ohio (1961): Exclusionary Rule o Fifth amendment  No coerced confessions  No compulsory self­incrimination: presumption of innocence • Miranda v. Arizona (1966):  Miranda Rights • Documentary on netflix  Double Jeopardy protection • Amanda Knox case?  Eminent Domain • Protection of property, no right to take property o Sixth Amendment  Legal counsel: Gideon v. Wainwright (1963) • Bias to rich?  Informed of charges  Speedy and public jury trial  Impartial jury by one’s peer • Voir dire o Eighth Amendment  Reasonable bail  No cruel or unusual punishment  Death Penalty:  Gregg v. Georgia (1976)  Privacy Rights o There is no explicit Constitutional right to privacy, but rather the right to privacy is an interpretation by the  Supreme Court, o From the First, Third, Fourth, Fifth, and Ninth Amendments  Griswold v. Connecticut (1965)  Abortion (Roe v. Wade)  Right to die • Cruzan v. Director, Missouri Depa
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