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Department
Political Science
Course
POLITSC 1100
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Winter

Description
 Proposed Amendments 1. Congressional Apportionment Amendment (1789) 2. Titles of Nobility Amendment (1810) 3. Corwin Amendment (1861) 4. Child Labor Amendment (1924) 5. Equal Rights Amendment (1972) 6. DC Voting Rights Amendment (1978)  State Ratification o Only been used in the case of the 21  Amendment  Repealed the 18  Amendment (prohibition) o Vermont Example  Convention of state 14 delegates  Delegated elected by voters  Candidates­ 28 possible Vermont citizens  Chosen by governor, Lt. governor and the speaker of the house Chapter3: Federalism  Federalism and the constitution o Federalism: A system in which the national gov’t shares power with lower levels of gov’t o In the U.S., the Constitution divides power between the federal gov’t and the states o Federalism can be contrasted with a unitary system o Unitary System:  All the power resides within the national gov’t’ lower levels of gov’t have little  independent power o The Constitution grants two categories of powers to the federal gov’t:  expressed and implied o Expressed powers are found in Article 1, Section 8 of the Constitution  The seventeen expressed powers include the power to collect taxes, to coin money, to regulate  commerce among the states, and to declare war, among others o Implied Powers:  Article I, Section 8 ends by granting Congress the right “To make all Laws which shall  be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution” the expressed powers  Known as the “necessary and proper clause”  o National Supremacy: Article VI of the Constitution says that the laws of Congress shall be “the supreme  Law of the Land”  National law will always prevail over state law when a conflict exists o But states have significant powers too th  10  amendment (reserved powers):  “The powers not delegated to the US by the Constitution,  nor prohibited by it to the States are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.” o The scope of these reserved powers is vast  Police Powers  Coercive Powers  States also define and regulate private property  Concurrent Powers o Full Faith and Credit Clause:  Article IV, Section I  Basically must support a law if legal in the state that they did it in; example: gay marriage.  If I  got married to another woman in Vegas/wherever legal, Ohio must uphold this??  Gay marriage and the defense of marriage act (DOMA) • States do not have to support gay marriage from other states  United States v. Windsor (2013) • Section 3 of DOMA unconstitutional  Hollingsworth v. Perry (2013)  Section 2 DOMA provision  Obama says DOMA un
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