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Department
Political Science
Course
POLITSC 1100
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Winter

Description
Chapter 2 TheFoundationandtheConstitution  British Restrictions and Colonial Grievances o 1763 the British Parliament began to pass laws that treated the colonies as a unit o The major reason for these laws was to raise the revenue to help pay off the war debt incurred during  the French and Indian Wars  Stamp Act of 1765  Sugar Act of 1764  People angered because they were paying for war that they were not fighting  The Boston Tea Party of 1773 o East India Company  Monopoly, eliminates trade from other countries o Led by Samuel Adams  Adams hoped that the Tea Party would: • Alienated its colonial supporters from the British • Set the stage for future rebellion o Colonists dumped tea into the Boston harbor o British retaliation to the Party helped to radicalize colonist o Led to the First Continental Congress  Continental Congress o First Continental Congress (September 1774)  The focus was to restore the political structure that was in existence before the passage of  legislation affecting the internal operations of each colony by Parliament o Second Continental Congress (1776)  Life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness  Established an army  Made Washington the general in chief and pursued the Revolutionary War  Adopted the Articles of Confederation • First written constitution • Power down at the states • Small central gov’t  Approved the Declaration of Independence (1776)  The Declaration of Independence o Drafted by Thomas Jefferson  Influenced by John Locke • Own their own property • No gov’t with real political power o Natural Rights  State of Nature o Social Contract  Protect natural rights  Violate social contract, can be penalized  The Articles of Confederation:  Our First Form of Gov’t o States retained most of the power  “League of Friendship”  Sovereign Units o Citizens loyal to their state  Lack of national identity  The Confederal Gov’t Structure Under AofC o Congress o Committee of the States o Officers o The states  Weakness of the Articles o No central authority  Lack of national currency  Lack of a national army  Lack of control of interstate commerce  Inability to collect federal taxes  Shay’s Rebellion  The Constitutional Convention o They determined that the Articles of Confederation were beyond repair o Decided to draft a new constitution
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