Class Notes (808,756)
United States (313,251)
Sociology (260)
Lecture 9

SOCIOL 2310 Lecture 9: Gang Reponses (04.19)

3 Pages
Unlock Document

Ohio State University
Kowalski Brian

Soc 2310 Gang Reponses, Policies and Interventions April 19 & April 21 I. Gang Responses, policies, and interventions A. Critical thinking exercise – talk about social policies from your papers 1. After-school programs/ social workers in schools 2. More work opportunities above minimum wage B. Contemporary scholars find that public policy is often created by media images (distorted) 1. Law enforcement approaches to gangs are a. Not always grounded in empirical evidence or effective enforcement techniques b. Not always properly evaluated to gauge their effectiveness c. Arrest/ incarceration can prove problematic for future life of arrestee 2. Consequence – Mostly law enforcement interventions, including gang suppression units, gang enhancements, and civil gang injunctions C. Gang suppression 1. Crime, violence, criminal justice are frequent media targets and issues of great societal concern 2. At the extreme end, moral panics are irrational overreactions to fear of deviant acts (ex: gang activity) 3. Since the mid-1980s, large/ urban police departments (and some small) have created specialized police gang units to help address gang activity 4. Duran (2016) looks at some of the tactical and operational responses to Mexican-American/ Hispanic gang members (and some not) in UT & CO a. Considered to have gang problems 5. GS tactics in these cities routinely took the form of police enforcement of minor laws followed by intelligence gathering during the police/ citizen interaction a. This type of enforcement was deployed primarily in predominantly minority districts with high levels of crime 6. More than 95% of individuals formally interviewed reported stops for reasons not based on criminality (profiled) 7. Important to remember where (poor communities) these stops are happening and who (Mexican/ Hispanic) these stops are targeting 8. Remember these tactics have become a legitimatized and common police practice to help address gang activity 9. Gang “lists” in both CO and UT do not require criminal activity and remain “active” for at least 5 years, while access to lists were only available to members of the gang unit 10. These encounters also veered into serious forms of misconduct as well with 34% of individuals formally interviewed reporting physical abuse one or ore times during various stops by police 1 Soc 2310 11. Increased number of stops and coercive questioning dramatically increased the number of individuals labeled as gang members 12. Formal social control (policing) 13. Primary results of gang suppression efforts a. Heightened sense of community-wide fear based on misidentified gang indicators b. Marginalized and labeling non-gang youths, especially racially minority group members c. Poor police-citizen relations D. Gang Enhancement 1. Enhanced penalties for certain gang crimes a. Jesse Sebourn
More Less

Related notes for SOCIOL 2310

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.