HDFS 2113 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Concept Learning, Habituation, Childhood Amnesia

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Cognitive Development in Infancy
Chapter 5
Cognitive Processes
Schemes actions or mental representations that organize knowledge
o Behavioral scheme
o Mental scheme
Assimilation using existing schemes to deal with new information or experiences
Accommodation adjusting schemes to fit new information and experiences
Organization: Grouping of isolated behaviors and thoughts into a higher-order
system
Equilibration and stages of development
o Equilibration: Mechanism by which children shift from one stage of thought
to the next
o Individuals go through four stages of development
Cognition is qualitatively different from one stage to another
The Sensorimotor Stage
Lasts from birth to about 2 years of age
o Construct an understanding of the world by coordinating sensory
experiences
o Substages
Simple reflexes
First habits and primary circular reactions
Secondary circular reactions
Coordination of secondary circular reactions
Tertiary circular reactions, novelty, and curiosity
Internalization of schemes
Object permanence: Understanding that objects and events continue to exist when
they cannot directly be seen, heard, or touched
Conditioning
Operant conditioning
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