HDFS 2113 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Negative Affectivity, Vocal Folds, Emotional Expression

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Socioemotional Development in Infancy
Chapter 6
Emotional Development
Emotion: Feeling, or affect, that occurs when a person is in a state or interaction
that is important to him or her
o Play important roles in:
Communication with others
Behavioral organization
Biological and environmental influences
o Certain brain regions play a role in emotions
o Emotion-linked interchanges
Provide the foundation for the infant’s developing attachment to the
parent
o Social relationships
Provide the setting for the development of a rich variety of emotions
o Relationships and culture provide diversity in emotional experiences
o Early emotions
Primary emotions: Present in humans and other animals and emerge
early in life
Self-conscious emotions: Require self-awareness, especially
consciousness and a sense of me
Emotional expression and social relationships
o Crying
Basic cry: Rhythmic pattern usually consisting of :
A cry
Briefer silence
Shorter inspiratory whistle that is higher pitched than the main cry
Brief rest before the next cry
Anger cry: Variation of the basic cry, with more excess air forced
through the vocal cords
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