HDFS 2113 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Passive Smoking, Childhood Obesity, Cardiovascular Disease

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Nutrition, Exercise, Illness, and Death in Early Childhood
Chapter 7 Continued
Nutrition and Exercise
Overweight young children
Serious health problems in early childhood
Strongly influenced by caregivers’ behavior
Categories for obesity, overweight, and at risk for being overweight
Determined by body mass index (BMI)
U.S. has second highest rate of childhood obesity
Exercise should be a daily occurrence
Appetite becomes unpredictable.
Like familiar foods
Social environment influences food choices.
Imitate admired people
Repeated exposure to foods
Emotional climate, parental pressure
Restriction increases desire
Poverty
Children who have a nutritionally deficient diet have
More attention difficulties.
Poorer mental test scores.
Behavior problems, especially hyperactivity and aggression.
Many children in North America and in developing countries lack access to sufficient
high-quality food to support healthy growth.
Low-SES US children are, on average, about ½ - ” shorter than their economically
advantaged counterparts.
Malnutrition in young children from low-income families
11 million preschool children are experiencing malnutrition
Biggest problem is iron deficiency anemia
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