NOC Psychology.doc

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 201S
Professor
Gordon Whitman
Semester
Summer

Description
25 NOC Action Notetaking Outline for Class Psychology 201 Unit 1 28/08/2013 10:07:00 ← Positive Psychology, Personality, Motivation, Emotion ← Positive Psychology ← The Study of the Mind as a Life Science ← 1. Definitions of Psychology(2)9. Levels of Analysis ← 2. The 8 Forces(5) 10. “LUCAS”(notes) ← 3. APA: Psychological and Psych11. Nature-Nurture(6) ← 4. Degrees and Credentials(Psy 12. Body-Mind(3) ← 5. Study Skills and Critical Th13. Bottom Up-Top Down ← 6. Research Methods(Chapter 2)14. Women’s contributions7. Scientific Method(40) 15. Scientific Foundations ← 8. Student Motivation and Grad16. Latest Developments ← NOTES 7 ← 1. Definitions of Psychology- The scientific study of one individual in depth; the science of and study of the “ Mind”; the study of your life; the scientific study of human behavior and how it can be changed with motivation and emotion ; the scientific study of theories of psychology; Study of one person in depth; study of self improvement; Martin Seligman and Edward Diener(authors); PsychoSomatic- Mind and Body(the mind is separate from your body);study of relevance; study of health and wellness ← 2. The 8 Forces- 1.Psychodynamic Psychology(Sigmund Freud) – your past,Unconscious; 2. Behavioral Psychology(Watson)-present, sensed info; 3. Humanistic Psychology-(Maslow and Rogers) future, potential; 4. Cognitive Psychology-(Piaget and Neisser) to think, learn, have memory, language, decision making. Expanded behavior ;5. Bio Psychology-(Hippocrates) about your body/soma; 6. Social Psychology-(Lewin, Frome, Horney) relationships and how they work. ; 7. Spiritual Psychology- about belief and religion; 8. Creative Psychology- when all else fails, create. Invent, solve. 7 ← 3. APA- Psychological and Psychiatric- Counseling psychologists help people deal w/ career issues and changes or help deal w/ common crises (divorce, job loss, grief). They may have a PhD/MA in counseling psychology or an MSW (Master of Social Work). School Psychologists offer guidance to students, parents, and teachers. Industrial/Organizational psychologists focus on issues in the workplace. ← 4. Degrees In order to work in the field of psychology, degrees are necessary. ; associate(human services), bachelor, masters, PhD, M.D, Psy D; Credentials are often professional development ← 5. Study. TNT: Textbook, NOC, Test Preparation ← SQ3R: Scan ← Critical Thinking- ability to think through problems, ability to analyze and synthesize, ability to see value in education/graduation, desire to help others w/ situations, cognitive self regulation aka E.I., Thinking deeply, Thinking positively and realistically 7 ← 6. Research- Methods: Experiment(causation-looking for a cause), correlation (comparison+1 0 -1), Observation (lab and field), Surveys (SONA), Cross Sectional and Longitudinal, Meta-analysis(historical research, many studies that have already been completed), Psychological case studies, psychological tests ← 7. Scientific Method- empiricism (The belief that accurate knowledge can be acquired through observation.) is essential to the scientific method. It is a set of principles about the appropriate relationship between ideas and evidence. Contributing to finding evidence is Theory- A hypothetical explanation of a natural phenomenon. Hypothesis- A falsifiable prediction made by a theory. ← 8. Student Motivation- goal for being college: Graduation; Motivation: value the degree and it’s benefits; Takes endurance, concentration, engagement; ← 9. Levels of Analysis- 1. Biological: genes, Chormosomes, 2. Personal, 3. Cultural- where you come from, 4. Social and community 7 ← 10. “LUCAS”- is a graduation guide. (ppt.) L=Learning styles applied to classes ← U=Utilize college resources ← C=Communicate clearly ← A=Assess constantly ← S=Synthesize your learning styles ← 11. Nature-nurture- all knowledge is acquired through experience. Nature: genetics, chromosomes, heredity. Nurture: learning from experience from birth to death. 50/50 ← 12. Body-mind-“Thinking is for doing.”-William James; psychological processes are adaptive; Perception allows us to recognize and memory allows us to avoid resolving the same problem over and over again. ← 13. Bottom up and top down information processing- Bottom up info is what you do not know, Top down information is what you learn, there are surface and deeper levels of Top Down processing 7 ← 14. Women’s contributions- women receiving PhDs in psychology increased from 15%(1950) to 67%(2004). Mary Caulkins(1863-1930) was the first woman to serve as president of APA. ← ← ← ← ← Personality ← The Study of the Individual Mind ← 1.Definitions of Personality(468) ← 2.Theories of Personality5. Alphabet of Personality ← 3. The 8 Forces of Per6. Trait Theory(472) ← 4.The 100 Famous Psych7. Measurement(469) ← 8. Disorders(581) ← 9. The Big 5(474) 10. Eysenck-Gray(474,479,342) ← 11. Idiographic-Nomoth12. Predictable-Inconsistent ← 13. Walter Mischel(48914. Adaptive and Flexible 7 ← 15. Nature-Nurture16. Self Awareness-Psyche(492) ← NOTES ← 1. Personality ← defined as a Gestalt of traits and behavior, ← one person in depth, ← self understanding gives insight into others, composed of the 8 forces, ← id ego and superego, ego (personal unconscious, collective uncons), ← interaction of environment, ← behavior and self, ← drive for self actualization and congruency ← 2. Theories of Personality- frued: id, ego, superego ← Jung:ego, personal uncons, collective uncons ← Bandura: interaction of enviro, self, behavior ← Rotter: control of life= 7 ← 3. 8 forces- Psychoanaylytic, BioPsychology, Behavioral, Social Psychology, Humanistic, Spirtiutality, Cognitive, Creative Psychology ← 4. ← 6. Trait Theory- A spin off of Humanism, Popularized by Gordon Allport and Raymond Cattell, Anything about you making you unique, combination of traits equals your Gestalt, Traits change little over time (enduring) ← 7. Measurement: ← Objective: MMPI-2, 16 PF, Meyers-Briggs, NOI (is the test you take to get a report back from the big 5 personality traits) ← Subjective (Projective): TAT, Rorshach ← Combinational: Word Association, Sentence Completion, Cognitive Speed, Pictures ← 8. Disorders- ← Alphabet D ← Mild Mental disorders ← Early treatment 7 ← ASPD- Anti-social Personality Disorder ← 9. The Big 5- (Ocean) 10 personality traits ← Openess- Being curious, original, intellectual, creative, and open to new ideas ← Conscientiousness- Being organized, systematic, punctiual, achievement, oriented, and dependable ← Extraversion- Being outgoing ← Agreeable ← Nervous ← 10. Eysenck and Gray ← -Eysenck thought personality could be reduced to 3 dimensions. Extravert, introvert, and neurotic ← - Jeff Gray introduced a biological explanation of extraverts and introversion. He called his explanation the BIS and BAS systems. ← 12. Predictable-Inconsistent – Most people are consistent and predictable, some are not, some become unpredictable in an instant. 7 ← 13. Walter Mischel- ← - Mischel says some “Situations” are so powerful they override personality traits causing an “inconsistent” behavior. (stealing) ← -10 hugnry 5 year olds. Oreos and Marshmallows. The 9 ate the oreos and the 1 didn’t. the 9 had instant gratification. The 1 had delayed gratification. (Think before you act) ← 14. Adaptive and Flexible- problem solving traits ← -think and survive ← -Flexible means not to “BMW” but to problem solve using Force 8 in conjunction with all the other Forces. ← -Basic Traits- ← 15. Nature and Nurture- Nature is genetics and chromosomes. Nurture is all of your life experiences, learning. 50/50 ← 16. Self Awareness- how well do you know your self 7 ← -Psyche- WHOLE personality ← -persona- a part of psyche ← -SELF esteem, concept(to think about yourself), reliance (by yourself) , and efficacy (confidence level) ← ← ← ← ← ← ← ← Motivation and Emotion ← The Study of the Energized and Engaged Mind ← 1.Theories of Motivation(39. Flow ← 2.Motivation in Action: D10. Circumplexz ← 3. Positive and Negative Consequences 11. Emotional Intelligence 7 ← 4. Motivated Learning/Motivated Performance12. CSR(316)- ← 5. Theories of Emotion(13. Somatic Marker Theory ← 6. Emotion fuels Motiva14. Sexual Motivation(335) ← 7. Eating Motivation and Disorders(330) 15. Maslow’s Triangle(329) ← 8. Combinational Theories of M – E(317-325) 16. Incentives(339) ← NOTES ← 1. Theories of Motivation- ← -Maslow’s Triangle and Roger’s Mountain ← -Belief ← -Homeostasis and Needs (Hulll) ← -nAch by McClelland (goals) 7 ← -Thanatos(distructive behavior, drinking, smoking…) and Eros by Freud (libido, life energy) ← 2. Motivation in Action: Daniel Rodriguez- suffered traumatic brain injury and developed PTSD. (upset, bitter, disappointed, angry); steered from negative to positive by working out towards getting a football scholarship; got into ClempsonU with a full ride. SUBLIMATION-able to sustain a positive outlook coming from negativity ← 9.Flow- doing something really difficult, a part of it becomes easier as your doing it. ← 10.Circumplex- (Plutchik) having multiple emotions at the same time of similar intensity; complex emotions. ← 13.Damasiyo- your body language is able to show how you feel internally. Woman>Men ← ← ← 7 ← ← ← ← ← ← ← ← ← ← ← ← ← 7 ← Unit 3 Life Span, Communications, Social Psychology ← Life Span Psychology ← The Study of the Developing Mind ← General Theories: Eco, Continuous, Discontinuous, Jagged, 12 Bonding ← 12 Bonding Stages 9. TOM ← Origins – Stage 1 10. Morality ← Stage Theories 11. Adolescent Pruning ← “Spark” and “Aerobics12. Piaget and Vygotsky ← Super and Holland / Global C13. Math-English ← Rebound Resilience14. Language Development ← Theories of Aging/Elisabeth Kubler-Ross 15. Shaping sense of Self ← 16. Life Transitions ← NOTES ← ← 7 ← ← ← ← ← ← Communication Psychology ← The Study of the Communicating Mind ← Definitions 9. Ten Years/Marriage and Health/Spirituality ← Theories 10. Three C’s of a Relationship ← Continuum of Relatio11. Group and Team ← Love, Care and Commitment 12. Paying Attention ← Divorce 8. Why people get fired! ← John Gottman 13. Lying ← Verbal and Non-verba14. Siri ← 15. Sub and Pre-conscious T16. Understanding others ← NOTES 7 ← ← ← ← ← ← ← ← ← Social Psychology ← The Study of the Group Mind ← Master Card Logo 9. First Impressions ← Positive Social Psy10. Crises that Unifies ← Negative Social Psy11. Jigsaw Classroom ← Power of the Situat12. Attitudes ← Famous “7” Classical Social Psychol13. Experiments Group Impact ← FAE 14. Zajonc’s Model of Social Facilitation ← Cognitive Dissonanc15. Theories of Aggression 7 ← Kitty / Garbage Truck Gu16. Eviley and Latane ← NOTES ← ← ← ← ← ← ← ← ← Unit 2 28/08/2013 10:07:00 ← Unit 2 Learning, Memory and Intelligence ← Learning ← The Study of the Knowledgeable Mind ← 1. Class Exercise 2. LOL 1 and LOL 2 ← 3. HOL Defined 7. HOL in Animals ← 4. LTL and STL 8. Student Learning ← 5. Levels of Learning 9. Forgetting Curve ← 6. Bloom’s Taxonomy and LUCAS 10. Experiential Learning ← 11.Phobias and Addictions 12. Rescorla and Cognition ← 13. Behavior Modification 14. Meme and Observation ← 15. Media and Violence 16. Learning and Teaching ← NOTES ← College students think in higher order terms ← 2. LOL 1- instincts, reflexes, mimicking, habituation and dishabituation, FAP (fixed action patterns; hibernation and migration), CC, IC(requires nothing, unintentional learning), OC(rewarded) ← LOL 2- positive reinforcement(positive reward, keeps behavior going), 7 ← -negative reinforcement(positive, removal of pain, keeps behavior going as well), ---Punishment- to administer pain, ← -acquisition- add on/gain information; take top down and add on, ← -extinction- remove information/forget, ← -spontaneous recovery- remembering/ retrieve, ← -schedules of reinforcement(4)- daily routines to create a habit; learning, ← -therapies based on LOL helping people improve on life, behavioral therapists/force 2 is only LOL. (expects to change behavior right now) ← -Contrast w/ HOL: LOL is children and animals. ← 3. HOL- higher order learning ← -how college students think ← -used by all adults ← -Adolescence: shift from LOL to HOL ← -Creativity, Cognition, Innovation(creative w/ benefit), Improvisation(instant creativity/problem solving), Reasoning, Planning, MHQ’s(MOST HUMAN QUALITIES; found in frontal lobes), NCC-FL(Neo cerebral cortex- frontal lobe) 8 lobes!, Advanced Problem Solving, Positive Psychology ← 4. LTL and STL ← LTL= long term learning (80% retention) 7 ← -spreading out learning but learning every day ← -consolidation at night (sleep 8 hours) ← -ability to R3 when called to, tested( remember, recall, retrieve ) ← STL= short term learning (20% retention) ← -cramming, procrastination, disorganized, not committed, pleasure over learning, no discipline ← 5. Levels of Learning ← -Level 1= Survival Learning (full attention) ← -Level 2= TMUFFTIS- Threat(full attention) man(meaningful) uses(useful) french(fun) fries(fantastic) to(trauma) intimidate(interesting) sally(success) (mostly full attention) ← -Level 3= have accurate information ← -Level 4= understand and comprehend ← -Level 5= can analyze and synthesize ← -Level 6= can assess and adjust (adapt) ← -Level 7= no limits ← 5. Levels of Learning ← Level 1= moving BU to TD. Surface understanding 7 ← Level 2= Adding info to TD expanding and enlarging ← 6. Bloom’s Taxonomy- Cognitive(knowing/head), affective (emotion/feelings influencing), psychomotor(doing/hands respectively; exercise) ← 7. HOL in animals- Edward Tolman ← Harry Harlow, NEONICU, special needs ← Wolfgang Kohler, ← Edward Tolman, mice and cheese/platform ← 8. Student Learning ← Critical thinking; look, examine, analyze, Reasonable, Pay attention, think like a scientist ← 9. Forgetting curve- ebbinghaus ← 10. Experiental Learning- nurture, learning for birth, experiences you remember well, help form belief system, very difficult to shift/change ← 11. Phobias and Addiction- ← -Phobias are experiences that invoke fear but should not. Irrational belief. Multi-causation ← -Addictions are powerful experiences that one desires to be repeated over and over again. Most important aspect of one’s life. Obesession w/ pleasure and pain relief. Difficult to treat. 7 ← 12. Rescorla and Cognition- ← Rescorla and Wagner state that cognition or thinking is involved in classical conditioning by Pavlov, a signal cues the animal to expect food. ← Believed that surprise could be both used in LOL and HOL as motivation and learning. ← If the signal changes, the animal feels surprised and will work hard to understand the “new” signal. ← The animal will actually understand which cue trigger is best ← 13. Behavior Modification- therapy by LOL techniques, ← CC and OC or a combination to change behavior from negative to positive ← Schedule reinforcement. ← 14. Meme and Observation- Meme: a nit of knowledge transmitted within a culture and then broadens and deepens w/ more exposure to the unit. Some memes are “fads” and others have a permanent place in human behavior (use of cell phones and internet) ← 15. Media and Violence- watching massive amounts of violence via video games, movies, and television might desensitize children and increase their awareness that violence can be a problem solver. Not been scientifically proven. ← ← 7 ← ← ← ← ← Memory ← The Study of the Unconscious Mind ← 1. HMM Defined 9. Aha’s ← 2. Attentional Lev10. Consolidation-Reconsolidation ← 3. Stages 1 and 2 11. Change-Concentration Blindness ← 4. Stage 3 12. Implicit-Explicit ← 5. Stages 4 and 5 13. Prospective Memory ← 6. Amnesia and Fug14. 7 Sins of Memory ← 7. Interference and PTSD 15. False Memories ← 8. How to Memorize/Remembering the Fut16. Clues-Triggers ← NOTES ← HMM- Human Memory Model: encode, store, and retrieve; suppression and repression 7 ← Stage 1: Sensory Memory; 1-3 secs; The ANS sends important emotional information to the amygdala; the ANS sends important factual information to the hippocampus (important interest meaning) ← Encoding to stage 2 ← Stage 2: is called STM 45 secs to a minute; screens for “importance”, encodes important info to stage 3 ← Stage 3: is called working memory; awake, aware, learning, processing very important information; conscious life in the NCC-FL, dumps (encodes) all info into Stage 4 when sleeping ← Stage 4: is called sub-conscious memory storage; it contains 2 weeks of information; it can encode back to stage 3 (reverse encode); easy to recall; suppression(negative) ← Stage 5: is called LTM or Unconscious memory; the domain of interest of Freud and the Neos; Storage capacity=infinite/ contains all of your experiences since conception; difficult to remember, recall, retrieve; repression(negative) ← Attention: direct attention -> complete -> fully focused ← Indirect attention -> 10% white noise (don’t pay attention to) ← Split Partial Multi-tasking ← Learning- comprehending-> fully digest what (understand) ; a person is telling 7 ← Understanding- thinking, memory ← New ideas- more top down, imagination ← Test 2- action, use, performance ] Intelligence ← 7. Interference- when old top down memory interferes w/ new learning (new memory) = Proactive interference (trying to learn) ← When new bottom up learning interferes w/ old top down memory = Retroactive Interference (trying to remember old information that has previously been stored) ← Post Traumatic Stress Disorder- has the trauma as interference ← Trauma is difficult to suppress or repress ← Flashbacks occur and its seems the victim is experiencing the trauma again (surreal) ← 14. 7 Sins of Memory- Daniel Schacter 7 Virtures of Memory ← 1) Transcience ← 2) Blocking ← 3) Absentmindedness ← 4) Persistence ← 5) Misattribution ← 6) Bias 7 ← 7) Suggestibility ← ← ← ← ← ← ← ← ← Intelligence ← The Stu
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