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Lecture 12

SOC 201S Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Standpoint Theory, Sexual Orientation, Presupposition

2 pages45 viewsFall 2017

Course Code
SOC 201S

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Old Dominion University: 2017
Course code: Soc 201S
* Chapters were not go through in order during class *
Chapter 12 Sex and Gender
Vocab :
1. Sex Biological differences between males and females (refers to who we are as males and
2. Gender Social and cultural significance we attach to those presumed biological differences
(refers to what we become s men and women, which occurs through socialization)
Gender-Role socialization
Expressions of masculinity and femininity are developed and reinforced through socialization
- Boys must be masculine, active aggressive, tough, daring and dominant
- Girls must be feminine, soft sweet, emotional and submissive
Gender Displays
We receive positive and negative feedback based on our gender performance
Working out what it means to be feminine and masculine through interactions with others is an
ongoing project
When we interact with others, we usually display our gender clearly
We deped o estalished ues to reogize soeoe’s se
Women Gender Roles:
Women continue to face pressure to be thin, beautiful, submissive, sexy and maternal
Films, television programs and magazine ads contribute to an idealized image of feminine
Unrealistic, idealized image of feminine beauty
Study of 20th centur hildre’s ooks foud that woe were sigifiatl uderrepreseted i
central roles and in illustrations
Feminism is the belief in social economic and political equality for women
Men Gender Roles:
Stay at home dads remain an unusual phenomenon
One of the most powerful expectations for males is to be tough physically and emotionally in
sports, work and relationships
Nonconformists often face criticism and humiliation
Multiple masculinities is the idea that men learn and play a full range of gender roles
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