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Lecture 13

SOC 201S Lecture 13: Old Dominion University soc 201S notes chapter 13

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Old Dominion University
SOC 201S

Old Dominion University 2017 Course code: Soc 201S * Chapters were not go through in order during class * Chapter 13 - Race and Ethnicity Vocab: 1. Race, biological differences defined as socially significant and presumed to divide the population into genetic subgroups 2. Ethnicity, cultural differences defined as socially significant and presumed to divide the population into socially distant groups 3. Minority group, subordinate group the even if a numeric majority lacks access to valued resources Social Construction of Race Racial formation the sociohistorical process in which racial categories are created, inhibited, transformed and destroyed Stereotype the unreliable generalization about all members of a group that does not recognize individual differences within the group Prejudice the preconceived and unjustified judgement of individuals based on their group membership - Can be positive or negative judgement - Tends to perpetuate false definitions of individuals and groups Ethnocentrism the tendency to assume ones own culture and way of life represent the norm or are superior to all others often underlines prejudice 4. Racism belief that one race is supreme and all others are innately inferior 5. Color blind racism use of principle of race neutrality to perpetuate racially unequal status quo Discrimination denial of opportunities and equal rights to individuals and groups because of prejudice or other arbitrary reasons Hate crimes, criminal offence committed because of offenders bias against an individual based on race, religion, ethnicity, national origin or sexual orientation Racial profiling, any police-initiated action based on race, ethnicity or national origin rather than on a persona behavior - Often based on explicit stereotypes
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