MUSC 021 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Moe Williams, Cognitive Map, Cognitive Psychology

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12 May 2020
Department
Course
Professor
Music Appreciation
Msowae@go.pasadena.edu
Moe Williams
Mus 21
What is Cognition
Cognition is thinking, and it encompasses the processes associated with perception,
knowledge, problem solving, judgment, language, and memory
Scientists who study cognition are searching for ways to understand how we integrate,
organize, and utilize our conscious cognitive experiences without being aware of all of
the unconscious work that our brains are doing
Cognitive psychology is the field of psychology dedicated to examining how people think
It attempts to explain how and why we think the way we do by studying the interactions
among human thinking, emotion, creativity, language, and problem solving, in addition to
other cognitive processes.
Concepts
Categories or groupings of linguistic information, images, ideas, or memories (life
experiences);
Big ideas generated by observing details, categorizing and combining these details into
cognitive structures;
Concepts help us perceive the relationships among our knowledge and experiences; and
keep the information in your mind organized and accessible;
Informed by semantic memory (long term explicit/declarative memory)
present in every aspect of our lives from daily routine to the guiding principles (complex
and abstract/concrete, personal and individual)
prototype is the best example or representation of a concept
Schemata (mental shortcut consisting of a cluster or collection of related concepts)
A mental construct consisting of a cluster or collection of related concepts (role schema,
event schema also known as cognitive script”);
A method of organizing information;
When a schema is activated, the brain works more efficiently and makes immediate
assumptions about the person or object being observed
Language
Cognition is thinking, and it encompasses the processes associated with perception,
knowledge, problem solving, judgment, language, and memory
Scientists who study cognition are searching for ways to understand how we integrate,
organize, and utilize our conscious cognitive experiences without being aware of all of
the unconscious work that our brains are doing
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