JRN185 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Acta Diurna, Johannes Gutenberg, William Caxton

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29 Apr 2020
JRN - 185
Newspaper Publishing
Early Days:
First known examples of news transmission as we understand it today occurred
with the acta Romana or acta diurna in Roman times
Conboy attributes this evidence to Tacitus' writings
'We tend to apply to a number of activities that reported incidents in ancient
Rome, from the daily reports of police trials, injuries, deaths
The spectrum of public events that constituted Roman urban life, to the coverage
of city bodies, courts of law, and the Senate'
Such daily reports
Created in writing because there was no means of printing
Were posted outside public buildings where people would meet to read about
what was going on, or be read aloud to
Rumors also flourished but the RomJRN185-Class 11ans recognized the
importance of knowledge 2000 years ago
Innovation in news distribution
Halted for hundreds of years after the Romans
Cannot be claimed that the 'modern' era of newspapers really began until the
fifteenth century
Many steps along the way have been taken, as Franklin says, which could be
considered as the precursors of the printed journal
Another, the 'first modern news story', appeared in Venice in 1536, telling the
Venetians about the course of the war in Turkey
Throughout the city the monthly manuscript has also been read out
As were ballads and broadsheets, the printed pamphlet and 'news book' was an
increasingly popular mode of seventeenth-century news transmission
The first known surviving news pamphlet was printed and circulated in 1513
By the royal authority, dealing with the Flodden War
Literacy and publishing are the necessary preconditions for the life of newspapers
and these were to come a long time
Although we know them today, the subsequent production of newspapers
continued to be affected by evolving social, political, and economic conditions,
technology, entrepreneurialism, and royal or governmental attitudes
While the Chinese possibly invented the movable type long before, Johann
Gutenberg is credited with the development of printing as a mechanical way of
producing books around 1450 in Germany
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