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Troy, Greece, and Hittites Empire
I. Illiad by Homer
A. Helen – Queen of Sparta/Princess of Troy
1. Married a Greek nobleman named Menelaus
2. Ran away with Paris
B. Menelaus – King of Sparta
C. Paris – Prince of Troy
D. Agememnon – Brother of Menelaus/King of Mycenae
II. Schliemann excavated Hissalik in search of Troy
A. Found what he thought were the legendary walls of Troy and Queen Helen’s
B. Later searched for the Greek sites
1. Found 5 tombs one of which he thought belonged to Agememnon
III. Back to the Eastern Mediterranean
A. +1700-1200 B.C.: Sparring between New Kingdom Egypt and the Hittite Empire
B. Hittite “Secret Weapon”?
C. Alaca Höyük: 2500-2100 B.C.
1. Anatolian Chiefdom ancestral to the Hittites
i. Allied with the Akkadian Empire
2. Earliest evidence of manufactured iron artifacts
1. Meteoric iron beads 3200 B.C.
2. King Tut’s iron knife ~1300 B.C.
E. Hittite Empire
1. +1700-1200 B.C.
2. Capital: Hattusas (Boga ̈ zköy)
~ 1 ~ Anthropology 009
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3. Produced “good iron” for trade and warfare
i. Fought Egypt, Assyria, and Babylon
ii. Iron remained scarce and precious
iii. Bronze vs. Iron
1. Doesn’t rust
2. Hard, tough
3. Easy to cast (950 °C)
4. Tin is rare: expensive
2. Soft, but very tough with skilled processing
3. Extreamely difficult to cast (1537 °C)
4. Raw ma