4. Indus River Valley.docx

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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANTH 009
Professor
D R.G R E G O R Y B O N D A R
Semester
Spring

Description
Anthropology 009 Professor Bondar Date: / / . Indus & Ghaggar-Hakra Rivers I. Indus River Civilization A. Aka Harappan Civilization B. Key Sites: 1. Harappa 2. Mohenjo-Daro 3. Kalibangan 4. Dho Lavira II. Neolithic Period: ~7000-3300 B.C. A. Mehrarh 1. Farming village: wheat, barley, zebu cattle, cotton, etc. i. Relied on the diffusion of crops from the fertile crescent as well as the local invention of crops 2. Trading for copper, turquoise, shell, lapis lazuli, etc. 3. Collection of houses; not really a city i. Social status: seems to be indicated by a difference in the size of the houses III. Early Harappan: ~3300-2500 B. C. A. Settlement of the Indus & Saraswati (Gaggar-Hakra) River floodplains 1. Flood season: June-Sept 2. Planting season: Oct-March B. ~3000 B.C. Mysterious Indus Scrip appears C. Settlement and growth of cities: 1. Harappa Beyond farming villages 2. Mohenjo-Daro IV. Mature Harappan: ~2500-2050 B.C. A. Dho Lavira ~ 1  ~ Anthropology 009 Professor Bondar Date: / / . B. Kalibangan C. Harappa 1. Peak population ~23,500 2. 173 acres of land
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